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Effects of Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation on Health and Well-being of Vitamin D Deficient UAE Citizens

2016-01-25 16:38:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The trial plan to determine whether a daily capsule containing vitamin D(3) (2000 IU), calcium (600 mg), both, or a placebo for 6 months in UAE citizens with evidence of vitamin D deficiency will lead to a clinical benefit. The proposed study will also determine the threshold of vitamin D and calcium intake or levels considered optimal for UAE citizen's health

Description

The proposed study is a two by two factorial, randomized controlled intervention trial. Following informed written consent of eligible subject's blood and urine samples will be taken for measurements of vitamin D, markers of bone turnover and related biochemical variables. Patients who have evidence of vitamin D deficiency will then be randomly assigned to receive daily vitamin D(3) (2000 IU), calcium (1000 mg), both, or a placebo for 6 months. All subjects will have a calcium and vitamin D rich food and other lifestyle modification advises during the study period. Patients will otherwise be managed according to standard practice. Clinical assessment that includes general and self-rated health, bone density, muscle strength, physical activity and dietary intakes will be performed at baseline, and repeated at 3, 6 and 12 months post-randomisation.

Information on other important variables likely to influence vitamin D status including age, reproductive & menopausal history, smoking, medications, adiposity, exposure to sunlight, dietary intake including supplements, skin pigmentation, chronic illness and medications will be collected and adjusted for during the analysis

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Vitamin D Deficiency

Intervention

Vitamin D and calcium, Vitamin D, Calcium, Placebo

Location

College of Medicine & Health Science
Al Ain
Abu Dhabi
United Arab Emirates

Status

Recruiting

Source

United Arab Emirates University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-01-25T16:38:22-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)

A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN E in the diet, characterized by posterior column and spinocerebellar tract abnormalities, areflexia, ophthalmoplegia, and disturbances of gait, proprioception, and vibration. In premature infants vitamin E deficiency is associated with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytosis, edema, intraventricular hemorrhage, and increasing risk of retrolental fibroplasia and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. An apparent inborn error of vitamin E metabolism, named familial isolated vitamin E deficiency, has recently been identified. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1181)

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN B 12 in the diet, characterized by megaloblastic anemia. Since vitamin B 12 is not present in plants, humans have obtained their supply from animal products, from multivitamin supplements in the form of pills, and as additives to food preparations. A wide variety of neuropsychiatric abnormalities is also seen in vitamin B 12 deficiency and appears to be due to an undefined defect involving myelin synthesis. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p848)

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)

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