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Effectiveness of Multicomponent Lipid Emulsion in Preterm Infants Requiring Parenteral Nutrition

2016-01-26 16:08:24 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of a multicomponent lipid emulsion containing 30% soybean oil, 30% medium-chain triglycerides, 25% olive oil, and 15% fish oil with a conventional pure soybean oil lipid emulsion on the incidence of neonatal cholestasis, infant growth, infant morbidity and the biochemical assessment of liver enzymes.

Description

Intravenous lipid emulsions are the major sources of non-protein energy and provision of required essential fatty acids.

The reference lipid emulsion, widely used for many years, is prepared from soybean oil, which is rich in omega 6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and phytosterols that contribute to hepatotoxicity and their metabolites result in pro-inflammatory eicosanoid production.

Existing evidence strongly supports a pathogenetic role of inflammation and oxidative stress on parenteral nutrition associated liver disease.

Subsequent development of lipid emulsions has focused on reducing the amount of soybean oil and replacing it with other oils.Moreover the omega 3 fatty acids from fish oil are metabolized to anti-inflammatory eicosanoids which can prevent inflammatory responses.

A novel multicomponent lipid emulsion may prevent liver injury, improve growth and decrease morbidity in preterm infants.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Cholestasis

Intervention

multicomponent lipid emulsion, pure soybean oil lipid emulsion

Status

Completed

Source

Thammasat University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-01-26T16:08:24-0500

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