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Study on Depression Literacy and Stigma

2016-01-26 16:08:24 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Depression is a serious mental health disease. It is generally characterized by sadness, loss of interest in activities, and decreased energy. Globally, it is estimated that almost 350 million people suffer from depression. In Saudi Arabia, literature suggested that prevalence of depression among boy's secondary school students in Abha city was 38.2%. Another study found that the prevalence of depression was 22.4 % as moderate, 7.3 % as severe and 3.7% as very severe, with a clear predominance prevalence of depression in girls as in boys (1.5 times). It is important to assess depression literacy including knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders among adolescent. A high level of mental health literacy on depression leads to a better understanding and outcomes of depressive disorders. Schools are a typical venue in which to embed mental health literacy because the school students are more familiar with educational activities. Studies concluded that educational intervention about depression literacy and destigmatization improves knowledge and may decrease stigma. Further research, intervention and activism are needed in the field of mental health in Arab countries to improve awareness of mental health problems.

Objectives: This study is aimed to measure the effect of educational intervention program about depression among secondary schools in Jazan city on depression literacy and stigma during the academic year 2015-2016.

The intervention: the intervention will held at each selected intervention school separately. The program will be over 2 weeks intervention as the following:

- Educational strategies: 2 Lecture about depression 30 minutes supported by group discussion, brochures and display of posters with mental-health slogans on depression in the schools.

- Contact strategies: the investigators will show a video of a young male who had been diagnosed (i.e., not an actor) with depression.

Benefits:

* The intervention group will join educational intervention program they expected to benefit from the program through increase their depression literacy and improve depression stigma, and control group will not join any form of intervention.

Risk: There is no expected risk for participating in the study.

Consent: Three Informed Consents forms will be signed from parents and parent and school manager.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Depression Literacy

Intervention

Educational program, Video contact

Location

Jazan Education Sector
Jazan
Saudi Arabia

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Jazan

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-01-26T16:08:24-0500

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