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Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor (G-CSF) to Treat Acute-on-chronic Liver Failure

2016-02-01 18:08:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Multicentre, open, randomised, and controlled trial conducted in patients diagnosed with acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF) who meet inclusion/exclusion criteria.The objective of GRAFT-trial is to evaluate efficacy and safety of subcutaneously administered granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in patients with ACLF. All patients will receive standard medical care for ACLF according to the guidelines. Patients in the experimental arm additional receive subcutaneous injections of G-CSF.

Description

The acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF) is characterised by a severe deterioration of liver function due to a precipitating event on top of an underlying chronic liver disease. As therapeutic options are limited the mortality rate lies between 40 and 80% at 3 months. The granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilized stem- as well as immune cells and improved liver function in preclinical trials. G-CSF treatment reduced the rate of infectious complications and significantly improved patients´ survival in acute on chronic liver failure, shown recently in small randomised studies. Thus, G-CSF is a promising treatment option that needs to be evaluated in a multi-centre controlled trial. The GRAFT trial will randomise patients with ACLF between standard of care with and without G-CSF. All participants will be followed for 12 months in order to evaluate safety and efficacy of G-CSF. If successful, the GRAFT trial has the potential to change clinical practice in acute on chronic liver failure.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure

Intervention

G-CSF, Standard therapy

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Leipzig

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-02-01T18:08:23-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Sudden liver failure in the presence of underlying compensated chronic LIVER DISEASE (e.g., LIVER CIRRHOSIS; HEPATITIS; and liver injury and failure) due to a precipitating acute hepatic insult.

A form of rapid-onset LIVER FAILURE, also known as fulminant hepatic failure, caused by severe liver injury or massive loss of HEPATOCYTES. It is characterized by sudden development of liver dysfunction and JAUNDICE. Acute liver failure may progress to exhibit cerebral dysfunction even HEPATIC COMA depending on the etiology that includes hepatic ISCHEMIA, drug toxicity, malignant infiltration, and viral hepatitis such as post-transfusion HEPATITIS B and HEPATITIS C.

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

A spectrum of clinical liver diseases ranging from mild biochemical abnormalities to ACUTE LIVER FAILURE, caused by drugs, drug metabolites, and chemicals from the environment.

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

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