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Effects of Soluble Fiber on Blood Pressure: A Meta-analysis of Randomly-controlled Trials

2016-02-02 17:23:24 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The present study conducted a meta-analysis of 22 randomly controlled trials to assess the effects of soluble fiber intake on blood pressure in human subjects.

Using the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Intervention, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. Information regarding study methods, characteristics, mean BP and standard deviations were extracted The data from each study were pooled using a random effects model to estimate the effects of soluble fiber consumption on blood pressure.

Study Design

Time Perspective: Retrospective

Conditions

Blood Pressure

Intervention

Soluble Fibre

Location

The Toronto 3D Knowledge Synthesis and Clinical Trials Unit, Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Centre
Toronto
Ontario
Canada
M5C 2T2

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-02-02T17:23:24-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.

Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.

A response by the BARORECEPTORS to increased BLOOD PRESSURE. Increased pressure stretches BLOOD VESSELS which activates the baroreceptors in the vessel walls. The net response of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM is a reduction of central sympathetic outflow. This reduces blood pressure both by decreasing peripheral VASCULAR RESISTANCE and by lowering CARDIAC OUTPUT. Because the baroreceptors are tonically active, the baroreflex can compensate rapidly for both increases and decreases in blood pressure.

The property of blood capillary ENDOTHELIUM that allows for the selective exchange of substances between the blood and surrounding tissues and through membranous barriers such as the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER; BLOOD-AQUEOUS BARRIER; BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER; BLOOD-NERVE BARRIER; BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER; and BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER. Small lipid-soluble molecules such as carbon dioxide and oxygen move freely by diffusion. Water and water-soluble molecules cannot pass through the endothelial walls and are dependent on microscopic pores. These pores show narrow areas (TIGHT JUNCTIONS) which may limit large molecule movement.

PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.

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