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The purpose of this study was to use Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) monitoring on participants undergoing shoulder surgery in the beach chair position to determine cerebral desaturation events and to further determine cognitive changes pre and post surgery using the Mini Mental State Exam.
In this prospective, randomized, controlled study, investigators used a standardized anesthesia protocol to maintain the MAP during surgeries done in the BCP. Investigators hypothesized that, if the MAP was maintained, NIRS monitoring would not change intra-operative anesthesia management and would not affect the post-operative cognitive outcomes of participants undergoing surgery in the beach chair position. Investigators secondarily wanted to document the actual incidence of cerebral desaturation events (CDEs) recorded by NIRS occurring in participants placed in the BCP if the MAP was strictly maintained.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Injury as a Result of Positioning
West Virginia University
West Virginia University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-02-04T18:08:22-0500
This study will examine the relationship of oxygen levels, using NIRS monitoring, and kidney injury in infants born prematurely. NIRS is a skin sensor which detects the amount of oxygen go...
The purpose of this trial is to test the hypothesis that at the end of 28 days, infants and children with acute lung injury treated with prone positioning would have more ventilator-free d...
The purposes of this study are: 1. To determine the sensitivity and specificity of the NIRS measurements for identifying intracranial hematomas due to trauma. 2. To determ...
The purpose of this experiment is to validate the previous clinical study results using the Tetra-NIRS as compared to the conventional UDS in the voiding procedure. The experiment will use...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of difference positioning on extension and efficacy of brachial plexus anesthesia at 20 minutes by using the axillary plexus block...
Interdisciplinary collaboration is key to safe surgical positioning. Although the surgical procedure dictates the patient's position, surgeons, anesthesia care providers, intraoperative nurses, and an...
Cerebral injury and long-term neurodevelopmental impairment is common in extremely preterm infants. Cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) enables continuous estimation of cerebral oxygenation. Th...
Very few NIRS calibration models are available for non-destructive estimation of seed quality traits in B. juncea. The available ones also fail to adequately discern variation for oleic acid (C18:1 ),...
Reduction of nitrite to nitric oxide gas by respiratory nitrite reductases (NiRs) is the key step of denitrification. Denitrifiers are strictly divided into two functional groups based on whether they...
Collaboration of the surgical and anesthesia teams for patient positioning is essential to assure patient comfort and safety, preventing systemic and ophthalmic complications. The goals and rationales...
Impairment of the ability to perform smoothly coordinated voluntary movements. This condition may affect the limbs, trunk, eyes, pharynx, larynx, and other structures. Ataxia may result from impaired sensory or motor function. Sensory ataxia may result from posterior column injury or PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES. Motor ataxia may be associated with CEREBELLAR DISEASES; CEREBRAL CORTEX diseases; THALAMIC DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; injury to the RED NUCLEUS; and other conditions.
A genetic process by which the adult organism is realized via mechanisms that lead to the restriction in the possible fates of cells, eventually leading to their differentiated state. Mechanisms involved cause heritable changes to cells without changes to DNA sequence such as DNA METHYLATION; HISTONE modification; DNA REPLICATION TIMING; NUCLEOSOME positioning; and heterochromatization which result in selective gene expression or repression.
Conditions characterized by persistent brain damage or dysfunction as sequelae of cranial trauma. This disorder may result from DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; BRAIN EDEMA; and other conditions. Clinical features may include DEMENTIA; focal neurologic deficits; PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE; AKINETIC MUTISM; or COMA.
The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.
Abnormal communication between two ARTERIES that may result from injury or occur as a congenital abnormality.
A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including Arthritis - inflammation of a joint causes pain, stiffness, and swelling with ...