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Objectives In this study the investigators examined the changes in common femoral vein (CFV) and great saphenous vein (GSV) calibre during thermo neutral water immersion (TNI), cold water immersion (CWI) and contrast water therapy (CWT).
Design Ten professional handball players visited the laboratory on three occasions. At each visit, participants completed a 20-minutes procedure in an upright position: 4-minutes in air (baseline) and then 16-minutes lower limbs TNI (~35°C), CWI (~12°C) or CWT (2:2minutes (~12°C to ~35°C) ratio), selected randomly.
Methods CFV and GVS calibres were evaluated by echo Doppler measures at baseline and at the end of 16 min immersion.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
University of Franche-Comté
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-02-09T19:38:24-0500
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A condition of the feet produced by prolonged exposure of the feet to water. Exposure for 48 hours or more to warm water causes tropical immersion foot or warm-water immersion foot common in Vietnam where troops were exposed to prolonged or repeated wading in paddy fields or streams. Trench foot results from prolonged exposure to cold, without actual freezing. It was common in trench warfare during World War I, when soldiers stood, sometimes for hours, in trenches with a few inches of cold water in them. (Andrews' Diseases of the Skin, 8th ed, p27)
External application of water for therapeutic purposes.
The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.
Non-fatal immersion or submersion in water. The subject is resuscitable.
Death that occurs as a result of anoxia or heart arrest, associated with immersion in liquid.