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Dexmedetomidine Hydrochloride in the Prevention of Organ Failure Following Severe Acute Pancreatitis

2016-02-26 00:23:24 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Cytokines such as such as TNF-a, IL-1, IL-6 correlate with the severity of pancreatitis.Neuroendocrine pathways, such as the sympathetic nervous system or parasympathetic nervous system, in turn, have some impact on the immune systems, through a-2 adrenoreceptor stimulation or the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway. The investigators aim to use Dexmedetomidine Hydrochloride to decrease the activity of sympathetic nervous system, thus relieve inflammation response.

Description

Infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) are major complications of acute pancreatitis which determine disease severity and outcome.It is concluded that systemic inflammation in SAP characterized by the endocrine release of different cytokines, such as TNF-a, IL-1, IL-6 and many others. These cytokines correlate with the severity of pancreatitis.

Neuroendocrine pathways, such as the sympathetic nervous system or parasympathetic nervous system, in turn, have some impact on the immune systems, through a-2 adrenoreceptor stimulation or the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway. Dexmedetomidine Hydrochloride is a high selected a-2 adrenoreceptor agonists.Some studies have shown that Dexmedetomidine Hydrochloride could improve the outcome of sepsis patients and decrease the development of organ failure.

The investigators aim to use Dexmedetomidine Hydrochloride to decrease the activity of sympathetic nervous system,thus relieve inflammation response.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing

Intervention

Infusion

Location

Department of SICU, Research Institute of General Surgery Jinling Hospital, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
Nanjing
Jiangsu
China
210002

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Nanjing University School of Medicine

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-02-26T00:23:24-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.

A severe form of acute INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS characterized by one or more areas of NECROSIS in the pancreas with varying degree of involvement of the surrounding tissues or organ systems. Massive pancreatic necrosis may lead to DIABETES MELLITUS, and malabsorption.

Acute or chronic INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS due to excessive ALCOHOL DRINKING. Alcoholic pancreatitis usually presents as an acute episode but it is a chronic progressive disease in alcoholics.

A syndrome characterized by acute OPTIC NEURITIS in combination with acute MYELITIS, TRANSVERSE. Demyelinating and/or necrotizing lesions form in one or both optic nerves and in the spinal cord. The onset of optic neuritis and myelitis may be simultaneous or separated by several months. (J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1996 Apr;60(4):382-387)

C-type lectins that restrict growth of bacteria in the intestinal epithelia and have bactericidal activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. They also regulate proliferation and differentiation of KERATINOCYTES following injury. Human pancreatitis-associated protein-1 (Reg3a) is overexpressed by pancreatic ACINAR CELLS in patients with CHRONIC PANCREATITIS. It is also highly expressed by pancreatic, bladder, and gastrointestinal cancer cells and may serve as a diagnostic biomarker.

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