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Long term maintenance of weight loss is generally poor, which is at least partly due to increased feelings of hunger associated with restricting what can be eaten. Intermittent severe energy restriction is a novel dietary strategy that requires individuals to consume a very-low energy diet for 1-4 days per week, allowing normal feeding patterns to be adopted on the other days in the week. However, the effect of a consuming a very-low energy diet on appetite regulation, which might represent a key marker of long-term adherence to dieting, has not been determined. This study aimed to assess the effects of severely restricting energy intake for 24 h on markers of appetite regulation, energy balance and metabolism compared to an adequate energy trial.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-03-04T01:53:21-0500
TREND is a pilot randomized trial comparing two alternative methods of initiating a low-calorie weight loss diet. We will compare the traditional diet initiation of abruptly dropping energ...
The purpose of this study is to develop an effective calorie restricted diet.
It is recognised that weight gain is a common problem in patients with a spinal cord injury and can lead to an increased incidence of metabolic syndrome. Weight gain is thought to be attri...
Investigators examined the associations between SSS, energy balance, food intake and changes in body composition following a high calorie lunch for 2 weeks.
The purpose of this research is to investigate how using different methods to reduce the energy density of entrees affects daily energy intake in adults. It is hypothesized that reducing t...
Mammals maintain a nearly constant core body temperature (T) by balancing heat production and heat dissipation. This comes at a high metabolic cost that is sustainable if adequate calorie intake is ma...
The energy adjustment models in nutritional epidemiological studies could substantially reduce the confounding effect of total energy intake from the intake of dietary components, and it could explore...
Recent observational data and a controlled in-patient crossover feeding trial show that consumption of "ultra-processed foods" (UPFs), as defined by the NOVA classification system, is associated with ...
The long-term effects of delivering approximately 100% of recommended calorie intake via the enteral route during critical illness compared to a lesser amount of calories are unknown.
The fatty acid, lauric acid ("C12"), and the amino acid, leucine ("Leu"), stimulate gut hormones, including CCK, associated with suppression of energy intake. In our recent study, intraduodenal infusi...
The lack of sufficient energy or protein to meet the body's metabolic demands, as a result of either an inadequate dietary intake of protein, intake of poor quality dietary protein, increased demands due to disease, or increased nutrient losses.
An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from excessive intake of nutrients. Generally, overnutrition generates an energy imbalance between food consumption and energy expenditure leading to disorders such as OBESITY.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of proteins in the diet, characterized by adaptive enzyme changes in the liver, increase in amino acid synthetases, and diminution of urea formation, thus conserving nitrogen and reducing its loss in the urine. Growth, immune response, repair, and production of enzymes and hormones are all impaired in severe protein deficiency. Protein deficiency may also arise in the face of adequate protein intake if the protein is of poor quality (i.e., the content of one or more amino acids is inadequate and thus becomes the limiting factor in protein utilization). (From Merck Manual, 16th ed; Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p406)
Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...