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Oxygenation with high-flow nasal cannula with 100% oxygen has only been evaluated in a limited number of studies. Although data are convincing it is of importance to evaluate this new concept in our department before implementing it into clinical practice.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Enrolling by invitation
Karolinska University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-03-14T04:24:30-0400
Isocapnic hyperventilation (IHV) is a method that shortens time to extubation after inhalation anaesthesia by increasing airway carbon dioxide (CO2) during hyperventilation (HV). In two ex...
Hyperventilation syndrome is associated with impaired quality of life. The aim of the study is to assess the relationship between work productivity, including absenteeism and presenteeism,...
Use of local anaesthesia during full mouth dental rehabilitation under general anaesthesia is an everyday practice. It enables better control of the post-extraction bleeding and better con...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the quantity of propofol administered with Xenon in two inspiratory concentrations, to maintain comparable depth of anaesthesia during the maintena...
Processed electroencephalogram (EEG) monitors are routinely used in addition to clinical parameters to assess the depth of anaesthesia during general anaesthesia.
To investigate the modulation of genes whose expression level is indicative of stress and toxicity following exposure to three anaesthesia techniques, general anaesthesia (GA), regional anaesthesia (R...
Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) is considered a reliable assessment method of a balance between cerebral oxygen demand and supply. One of forms of anaesthesia applied during extensive abdominal surg...
Hyperventilation is commonly used in neurological patients to decrease elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) or relax a tense brain. However, the potentially deleterious effects of hyperventilation may...
Influence of infiltration anaesthesia on perioperative outcomes following lumbar discectomy under surgical pleth index-guided general anaesthesia: A preliminary report from a randomised controlled prospective trial.
Severe postoperative pain (SPP) may occur after lumbar discectomy. To prevent SPP and reduce rescue opioid consumption, infiltration anaesthesia (IA) has been combined with general anaesthesia (GA). T...
Managing an emergency caesarean section patient (C - section) is a challenging aspect of obstetric anaesthesia practice. The urgency of delivery can influence the mode of anaesthesia due to short time...
A constellation of responses that occur when an organism is exposed to excessive cold. In humans, a fall in skin temperature triggers gasping, hypertension, and hyperventilation.
A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.
An inherited neurological developmental disorder that is associated with X-LINKED INHERITANCE and may be lethal in utero to hemizygous males. The affected female is normal until the age of 6-25 months when progressive loss of voluntary control of hand movements and communication skills; ATAXIA; SEIZURES; autistic behavior; intermittent HYPERVENTILATION; and HYPERAMMONEMIA appear. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p199)
A disorder characterized by muscle twitches, cramps, and carpopedal spasm, and when severe, laryngospasm and seizures. This condition is associated with unstable depolarization of axonal membranes, primarily in the peripheral nervous system. Tetany usually results from HYPOCALCEMIA or reduced serum levels of MAGNESIUM that may be associated with HYPERVENTILATION; HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; RICKETS; UREMIA; or other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1490)
A general term referring to a mild to moderate degree of muscular weakness, occasionally used as a synonym for PARALYSIS (severe or complete loss of motor function). In the older literature, paresis often referred specifically to paretic neurosyphilis (see NEUROSYPHILIS). "General paresis" and "general paralysis" may still carry that connotation. Bilateral lower extremity paresis is referred to as PARAPARESIS.
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...