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Oxidative stress and inflammation are cardiovascular risk factors in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing hemodialysis (HD). Nuclear transcription factors play roles in the coordinated expression of genes involved in inflammation, such as nuclear factor Kappa B (NFkB) that increase the cytokines synthesis and Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) that increase the transcription of genes encoding enzymes of phase II detoxifying and antioxidant enzymes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of resistance exercise program on the expression of transcription factors Nrf2 and NF-kB in HD patients.
This study included 44 patients on regular HD program which 25 patients (54.5% women, age 45.7 ± 15.2 years and time on dialysis, 71.2 ± 45.5 months) composed the exercise group and 19 patients (61.5% women, age 42.5 ± 13.5 years and time on dialysis, 70.1 ± 49.9 months) the control group. The exercise program was performed during HD sessions, 3 times a week (36 exercises sessions). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated and processed for expression of Nrf2, NF-kB and NADPH quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Antioxidant enzymes activity (catalase-CAT and glutathione peroxidase-GPx), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and nitric oxide (NO) products were assessed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Kidney Disease
Rio de Janeiro
Universidade Federal Fluminense
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-03-25T06:53:22-0400
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Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)
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