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Treating mothers' perinatal depressive and other mental health symptoms alone does not prevent impaired parenting quality and adverse infant outcomes. The goal of this research is to conduct a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of adding a research-based 10-week home visiting parenting program to evidence-based mental health treatment, to counter the pernicious effects of mothers' symptoms on parenting quality and infant development. Participants will be English and Spanish-speaking low-income mothers who began publicly funded mental/behavioral health treatment in pregnancy at their primary care community health centers.
Infants exposed to impaired parenting as a result of their mothers' major depression and other mental health disorders in the perinatal period are at risk for compromised social interaction and affective and behavioral regulation. Depression is the most frequently reported mental health condition during the perinatal period; about 9% of infants under one year have mothers who experience a major depressive episode. That rate nearly triples to 25% for infants of mothers below 200% of the federal poverty level. In addition to poverty, young maternal age, lack of social support, low education, and adverse childhood experiences are all risk factors for depression, anxiety, and other mental health conditions. Two strands of research point to the need for effective parenting support for mothers following treatment for mental health conditions in pregnancy. First, depressed mothers frequently fail to accurately notice, interpret, or respond sensitively to infant cues. Alarmingly, mothers' impaired parenting of their infants continues even after their depression has been successfully treated. Second, newborns of prenatally depressed women are physiologically dysregulated and hence more challenging to nurture. With the passage of the Affordable Care Act and Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting, the federal government is supporting states to implement high-quality home visiting programs as part of a comprehensive early childhood system for vulnerable families experiencing the risk factors associated with maternal depression and other mental health symptoms. But two important limitations of home visiting have been identified: child development home visitors are not trained to deal meaningfully with maternal depression and other mental health conditions, and they are often not sufficiently trained to support infant-mother relationships. Our study has the potential to inform intervention programs nationwide by testing the effectiveness of adding a short, attachment-based, home-visiting parenting program to an existing, evidence-based mental health treatment program delivered via community primary care clinics serving pregnant and parenting women from vulnerable populations. The goal of this research is to conduct a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of Promoting First Relationships® for English and Spanish-speaking low-income mothers who were treated for depression or other mental health conditions beginning in pregnancy and as needed in the perinatal year. Treatment will be coordinated through the publicly funded, evidenced-based Mental Health Integration Program for High-Risk Pregnant and Parenting Women (MHIP Moms) in primary care community health centers that target safety-net populations in King County, Washington. Promoting First Relationships® is a research-based, 10-week home visiting program that uses video feedback and strengths-based consultation strategies to increase mothers' parenting competence and confidence. Bilingual community providers will deliver Promoting First Relationships® after a baseline assessment and random assignment at infant age three months. Post tests will occur at infant age six and twelve months. The primary specific aims are to test the effectiveness of PFR to improve parenting quality for low income, English and Spanish speaking mothers who began mental/behavioral health treatment during pregnancy, and to improve social and regulatory outcomes for their infants.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Promoting First Relationships®
University of Washington
Enrolling by invitation
University of Washington
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-04-01T10:23:22-0400
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Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Highly conserved proteins that specifically bind to and activate the anaphase-promoting complex-cyclosome, promoting ubiquitination and proteolysis of cell-cycle-regulatory proteins. Cdc20 is essential for anaphase-promoting complex activity, initiation of anaphase, and cyclin proteolysis during mitosis.
Apc10 is necessary for coactivator-dependent substrate recognition by the anaphase-promoting complex-cyclosome. It binds the Apc2 subunit, which is a part of the catalytic core, and interacts with coactivators Cdh1 or Cdc20 to recruit substrates to the complex.
The largest subunit of the anaphase-promoting complex. It acts primarily as a scaffold for the proper organization and arrangement of subunits. The C-terminal region of Apc1 contains a series of tandem amino acid repeats that are also seen in the 26S proteasome regulatory particle, and may assist with forming and stabilizing protein-protein interactions.
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