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Prevention of Acute Kidney Injury Through Biomarker-guided Nephrological Intervention

2016-04-16 16:53:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study examines the clinical relevance of early biomarkers to detect and prevent acute kidney injury. High-risk patients for developing acute kidney injury will be screened at initial presentation (emergency department and intensive care unit) for TIMP2xIGFBP7. In case of elevated readings patients will be randomized in two arms: The control group will be treated with standard care, the intervention group will receive an early nephrologic consultation.

Description

This study examines the impact of an early biomarker-guided intervention on the development of acute kidney injury (AKI). New biomarkers indicate kidney damage in an early stage before developing acute kidney injury according to AKI Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Definition is detectable. The investigators want to test if it's possible to prevent AKI based on elevated urinary biomarkers. Eligible patients will be randomly assigned to two groups, a control and an intervention Group by an early nephrologic consultation. The interventional group will receive an early preventive nephrologist consultation additionally to standard care.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Acute Kidney Injury

Intervention

Early nephrologist consultation

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Robert Bosch Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-04-16T16:53:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abrupt reduction in kidney function defined as an absolute increase in serum CREATININE of more than or equal to 0.3. mg/dl, a percentage increase in serum creatinine of more than or equal to 50%, or a reduction in urine output. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.

Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

A form of ischemia-reperfusion injury occurring in the early period following transplantation. Significant pathophysiological changes in MITOCHONDRIA are the main cause of the dysfunction. It is most often seen in the transplanted lung, liver, or kidney and can lead to GRAFT REJECTION.

An early local inflammatory reaction to insult or injury that consists of fever, an increase in inflammatory humoral factors, and an increased synthesis by hepatocytes of a number of proteins or glycoproteins usually found in the plasma.

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