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Manual Ventilation Versus Pressure Controlled Mechanical Ventilation in Children

2016-04-26 19:53:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The investigator will compare the feasibility of manual ventilation and pressure-controlled mechanical ventilation during facemask ventilation in children. The hypothesis is that the incidence of gastric insufflation would be lower during pressure-controlled mechanical ventilation when compared to manual ventilation.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Ventilation

Intervention

manual ventilation, Pressure controlled mechanical ventilation

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Seoul National University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-04-26T19:53:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.

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Mechanical ventilation delivered to match the patient's efforts in breathing as detected by the interactive ventilation device.

A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.

Ventilation of the middle ear in the treatment of secretory (serous) otitis media, usually by placement of tubes or grommets which pierce the tympanic membrane.

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