Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Implants have become the preferred method of single tooth replacement these days, patients receiving implant treatments not only expect restoration of masticatory function, they also expect that the prostheses will be esthetically pleasing, easy to clean, and permanent. To maintain long-term implant stability, it is important to minimize bone loss around the implant, as well as the soft tissue atrophy that accompanies it.
The peri-implant bone level has been used as one of the criteria to assess the success of dental implants, Platform switching (PLS) for maintaining peri-implant bone levels has gained popularity among implant manufacturers over the last few years. However, the assumption that the inward shifting of the implant- abutment junction may preserve crestal bone was primarily based on serendipitous finding rather than scientific evidence.
It is known that saucerization around an implant occurs following abutment connection using a submerged implant with a butt joint (a two-stage approach), such as the Branemark implant. The nature of saucerization varies according to implant type (one-stage or two-stage) and abutment connection type. they have reported that the factors that are the most likely causes of early crestal bone loss around implants are:
1. The micro-gap,
2. The implant crest module,
3. Occlusal overload, and
4. The biologic width around the dental implant. At the Toronto Conference 1998, the consensus with respect to bone loss around the implant was that bone loss of up to approximately 2 mm during the first year of implant function is acceptable, and at this level the implant is regarded as successful. There have been many reports on studies to ascertain the causes of bone loss around implants and clinical techniques to prevent it. Some reports published in 2005 and 2006 state that the platform switching technique, a technique in which an abutment that is one-size smaller than the implant platform is placed, prevents bone loss around the implant. However, there are only a few reports on the mechanism of action or the extent of bone loss prevention, and as such, it is difficult to say that the effect of PLS has been thoroughly examined. This review article examines the PLS technique and the bone loss preventive effect.
A lot of clinical studies discussed the concept of platform switching was extensively studied histologically and biomechanically. In histomorphometric studies in dogs was no significant difference in the marginal bone level around platform- switched and -matched implants after 28 days of healing. In contrast, other studies reported a significantly less bone loss around platform-switched implants after a loading period of 2 to 6months.
However, there is no consistency among the studies with respect to the study design (e.g. the location and depth of the implant, and controlled/non-controlled), and as such, it is difficult to evaluate all of these studies using the same evaluation method.
The review and meta-analysis show that platform switching may preserve interimplant bone height and soft tissue levels. The degree of marginal bone resorption is inversely related to the extent of the implant- abutment mismatch. But still no general agreement to confirm the validity of this concept, so Further long-term, well-conducted, randomized controlled studies are needed to confirm the validity of this concept.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Crestal Bone Loss
Platform Matched Design (Group A), Platform Switching Design (Group B)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-05-04T21:53:21-0400
To compare platform-switched implants to platform-matched implants for replacement of a single missing tooth and their effect on: 1) Interproximal alveolar crest level in relation to impla...
Sixty patients with partially edentulous posterior maxilla requiring a transcrestal sinus floor elevation technique to insert one implant will be selected. The purpose of this multi-center...
Group chat through the platform of mobile social networking provides an easily accessible, real-time and interactive channel for communication. With the help of mobile social app, a group ...
This project aims to create a digital platform for personal, clinical, diagnostic and environmental data collection, management and analysis of patients with cardiovascular and neurologica...
This study will be designed to compare prospectively, in a randomized fashion, the clinical, functional, and radiographic results of a nonmodular (all-polyethylene tibi/AP) fixed-bearing p...
The association of Morse taper implant-abutment design with the use of a smaller abutment diameter (platform-switching) may improve dental implant success rate and prevent peri-implant bone loss. The ...
Flexible sample size designs, including group sequential and sample size re-estimation designs, have been used as alternatives to fixed sample size designs to achieve more robust statistical power and...
The success of fluorinated molecules in drug design has led medicinal chemists to search for new fluorine-containing substituents. A major recently developed group is the pentafluorosulfanyl group. Th...
In this paper, we report on the design of a bio-multisensing platform for the selective label-free detection of protein biomarkers, carried out through a 3D numerical algorithm. The platform includes ...
Background Advanced cataract with hard lens nuclei frequently challenge the ophthalmologic surgeon when doing phacoemulsification. In the present study, we examined the effect of a new phaco tip desig...
An approach, process, or methodology which emphasizes credible evidence and the best available scientific knowledge, judiciously integrated to achieve the best possible outcomes in structural design. For example, the design of a new OUTPATIENT CLINIC might incorporate a review of published research on outpatient clinic design, decisions on similar past projects, along with interviews with staff and consumers.
A type of analysis in which subjects in a study group and a comparison group are made comparable with respect to extraneous factors by individually pairing study subjects with the comparison group subjects (e.g., age-matched controls).
Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.
The architecture, functional design, and construction of hospitals.
The art and science of designing buildings and structures. More generally, it is the design of the total built environment, including town planning, urban design, and landscape architecture.
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...
Dentistry is the study, management and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, teeth and their supporting tissues (Oxford Medical Dictionary) The work of a dentist ranges from regular patient check-up to orthodontics and surgery....
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...