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Prognostication Biomarkers in Pediatric Cardiac Arrest

2016-05-12 00:38:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This multicenter study will validate a panel of serum, imaging, and clinical biomarkers to classify patient outcome early after out-of-hospital pediatric cardiac arrest. Results are expected to have a positive and immediate impact in advancing clinical care and outcomes for these children. This work will provide clinicians, families, and researchers with superior tools to assess the severity of brain injury early after resuscitation in order to know who is at risk of brain injury and may benefit from neuroprotective interventions, to monitor response to these interventions, to plan rehabilitation strategy, and to optimize the design of research studies that test novel interventions to improve neurological outcome after cardiac arrest.

Description

Children with cardiac arrest (CA) have mortality rates of 50-90%, largely due to neurological failure as part of the post-resuscitation syndrome. There is a critical gap of knowledge and tools to accurately classify outcome after pediatric CA. Physical examination and laboratory testing inadequately assess the severity of neurologic injury and outcome. Hazards of misclassification include risking adverse effects from ineffective therapies and non-treatment of ostensibly well patients who later are found to have neurologic deficits. Early and accurate identification of the eventual severity of neurologic injury would allow for timely neuroprotective interventions and/or more targeted testing of new therapies in specific risk populations. The long term objective is to improve the neurological outcome of children surviving CA. In this study, investigators will model and validate serum and imaging biomarkers of brain injury with empirical support, and assess their accuracy together with clinical variables in classifying outcome after pediatric CA. The central hypothesis is that serum and imaging biomarkers of brain injury, together with clinical variables, will critically aid in the early classification of favorable outcome after pediatric CA (Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales score [VABS] > 70) 1 year after pediatric CA in a multicenter prospective study (8-12 centers and 248 subjects). Strong preliminary data supports this hypothesis, and biomarkers will be tested for outcome classification accuracy in the following 3 specific aims:

Aim 1) Serum biomarkers of neuronal (neuron specific enolase and ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase-L1) and glial injury (S100b and glial fibrillary acidic protein) Aim 2) Regional (occipital-parietal cortex, basal ganglia, and thalamus) brain MRI (T1/T2 and diffusion-weighted imaging) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) biomarkers of neuronal injury (N-acetyl-aspartate) and energy failure (lactate) Aim 3 will model the combination of strong serum and imaging biomarkers of brain injury with clinical variables. We will assess serum biomarkers of brain mitochondrial injury with potential for novel therapeutic targets (cardiolipin and oxidized cardiolipin) in an exploratory aim. This proposed research is innovative, because a combined panel of serum and imaging biomarkers with clinical variables to accurately classify outcome after pediatric CA will be prospectively developed and optimized. These proposed aims leverage recent pilot successes and should generate accurate and reliable models of biomarkers that markedly improve post-resuscitation clinical care in children after CA. Furthermore, these results are expected to have a positive impact in advancing neurocritical care for these children, with forthcoming development of a serum biomarker point of care test and biomarker panels that will accurately classify risk of unfavorable outcome for clinicians and researchers needing to stratify by severity of injury, to monitor response to therapy, and ultimately to assist in their rehabilitation and recovery.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Cardiac Arrest

Location

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
Pennsylvania
United States
15224

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Pittsburgh

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-05-12T00:38:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Occurrence of heart arrest in an individual when there is no immediate access to medical personnel or equipment.

The omission of atrial activation that is caused by transient cessation of impulse generation at the SINOATRIAL NODE. It is characterized by a prolonged pause without P wave in an ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. Sinus arrest has been associated with sleep apnea (REM SLEEP-RELATED SINUS ARREST).

Cessation of heart beat or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. If it is treated within a few minutes, heart arrest can be reversed in most cases to normal cardiac rhythm and effective circulation.

A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.

The artificial substitution of heart and lung action as indicated for HEART ARREST resulting from electric shock, DROWNING, respiratory arrest, or other causes. The two major components of cardiopulmonary resuscitation are artificial ventilation (RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL) and closed-chest CARDIAC MASSAGE.

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