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We performed a multicenter, prospective, randomized, double-blind, pilot study in four adult medical intensive care units. Patients presenting septic shock were rapidly administered one of two regimens of hydrocortisone, either a 50-mg intravenous bolus every six hours during seven days (200-mg group) or a 100-mg initial bolus followed by a continuous infusion of 300 mg daily for five days (300-mg group). Hydrocortisone was stopped abruptly at the end of treatment.
Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate (Hydrocortisone Upjohn) was supplied as a powder in 100 mg vials to be reconstituted with 2 ml of sterile water diluent. The placebo was saline serum supplied as 10 ml ampoules. The study drugs were administered according to two protocols. In the 200-mg group, patients received an intravenous bolus of 50 mg of hydrocortisone every six hours for seven days associated with a continuous infusion of placebo for five days. In the 300-mg group, patients received an initial bolus of 100 mg of hydrocortisone followed by a continuous infusion of 300 mg per day for five days associated with a bolus of placebo every six hours for seven days. In the two groups, hydrocortisone was stopped abruptly at the end of treatment. The investigators had the choice or resuming hydrocortisone at the end of the fifth day if deemed necessary.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Association Niçoise de Réanimation Médicale
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-05-12T00:38:21-0400
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Condition of low SYSTEMIC VASCULAR RESISTANCE that develops secondary to other conditions such as ANAPHYLAXIS; SEPSIS; SURGICAL SHOCK; and SEPTIC SHOCK. Vasoplegia that develops during or post surgery (e.g., CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS) is called postoperative vasoplegic syndrome or vasoplegic syndrome.
Sepsis associated with HYPOTENSION or hypoperfusion despite adequate fluid resuscitation. Perfusion abnormalities may include, but are not limited to LACTIC ACIDOSIS; OLIGURIA; or acute alteration in mental status.
The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.
Increase in blood LACTATE concentration often associated with SEPTIC SHOCK; LUNG INJURY; SEPSIS; and DRUG TOXICITY. When hyperlactatemia is associated with low body pH (acidosis) it is LACTIC ACIDOSIS.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.