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The purpose of this protocol is to determine user preferences for antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-1 infected partners and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) HIV-1 un-infected partners and to optimize targeted delivery and sustained use of these interventions.
An open-label, prospective cohort study of higher-risk HIV-1 serodiscordant couples in order to determine barriers and facilitators to uptake and sustained adherence to ART for HIV-1 infected partners and daily oral PrEP for HIV-1 uninfected partners. The investigators developed a risk score tool to identify couples at highest risk for HIV-1 transmission. PrEP was offered as a 'bridge' to ART in the partnership - i.e., until ART initiation by the HIV-infected partner and for the first 6 months after ART is started; ART was recommended following national ART guidelines. A subset (up to 80 couples per site) was invited to participate in qualitative in-depth interview and focus group discussions.
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
FTC-TDF PrEP, ART
Active, not recruiting
University of Washington
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-05-19T11:08:21-0400
Propionibacterium acnes is the most common pathogen identified from a surgical site infection in the shoulder. Standard skin preps do not prevent this type of infection. Patients will und...
The goal of this research study is to evaluate the preliminary impact of a public-health-partnered tele-pharmacist model for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) delivery in a rural state ("Tel...
An 18 month observation cohort study with the overall aim to assess the operationalization of oral Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in Swaziland as an additional HIV combination prevention ...
The overarching goal of the proposed study is to determine effective outreach methods designed to recruit and improve acceptance of high-risk HIV-negative YBMSM to initiate PrEP and to ide...
This study will evaluate the feasibility of a network intervention to train individuals to disseminate PrEP information and motivate initial PrEP interest and knowledge of PrEP in their so...
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV due to their increased risk of infection. Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a highly effictive HIV-prevention strategy for ...
PrEP stigma (i.e., negative attitudes toward PrEP users) has been widely documented and is considered a significant barrier to implementation. However, few studies have examined PrEP stigma using impl...
HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective tool in preventing HIV infection among high risk men who have sex with men (MSM). It is unknown how effective PrEP is in the context of other implem...
Early and accurate detection of HIV is crucial when using pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention to avoid PrEP initiation in acutely infected individuals and to minimize the risk of drug r...
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) can reduce U.S. HIV incidence. We assessed insurance coverage and its association with PrEP utilization. We reviewed patient data at three PrEP clinics (Jackson, Missis...
A method of disease prevention (abbreviated PrEP) which involves the administration of drugs to at-risk persons who have not been exposed to the disease-causing agent.
Infection by a variety of fungi, usually through four possible mechanisms: superficial infection producing conjunctivitis, keratitis, or lacrimal obstruction; extension of infection from neighboring structures - skin, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx; direct introduction during surgery or accidental penetrating trauma; or via the blood or lymphatic routes in patients with underlying mycoses.
A nontuberculous infection when occurring in humans. It is characterized by pulmonary disease, lymphadenitis in children, and systemic disease in AIDS patients. Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection of birds and swine results in tuberculosis.
Infection involving the tissues or organs in the PELVIS.
Infection in humans and animals caused by fungi in the class Zygomycetes. It includes MUCORMYCOSIS and entomophthoramycosis. The latter is a tropical infection of subcutaneous tissue or paranasal sinuses caused by fungi in the order Entomophthorales. Phycomycosis, closely related to zygomycosis, describes infection with members of Phycomycetes, an obsolete classification.
Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of the combination of at least three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to maximally suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of HIV disease. Huge reductions have been seen in rates of death and suffering whe...
Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...