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CMV lesions were found in the olfactory system of children with congenital CMV infection but no study has hitherto examined the impact of congenital CMV infection on olfaction. So the investigators propose in this study to assess the proportion of children with olfactory deficits among children with congenital CMV infection. Second this study will also evaluate performances of a new olfactory test, based on discrimination of binary odorant mixtures.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the first cause of congenital deafness resulting from viral infection. Hearing loss may occur several years after birth in childhood and be often progressive. Detection of hearing impairment is of major interest for children because it will allow the early use of a hearing aid minimizing the impact of these deficits on the cognitive development.
The study hypothesis is that a link might exist between hearing deficits and olfactory deficits in these children due to viral lesions on the two sensory systems. Thus early exploration of olfaction might allow early detection of starting deterioration of hearing or predict the occurrence of deafness. Moreover, this exploration is easy, non invasive, fast to set up and adapted to very young children. No study has hitherto assessed the impact of congenital CMV infection on olfaction.
The proportion of children with olfactory deficits will be assessed among children with congenital CMV infection, using parts of a discrimination test of simple odorants (Sniffin' Sticks, Burghardt, Wedel, Germany). The performances of a new olfactory test developed by the investigators that uses binary mixtures of odorants, will also be assessed. These tests of nasal chemosensory performance are based on pen-like odor dispensing devices and measure odor discrimination ability of young children in less than 15 min. Finally, this study aims at demonstrate, if it exists, the association between olfactory deficits and hearing loss in children with congenital CMV infection.
This study will be conducted in 80 patients and 40 healthy subjects (3-10years). The healthy children will be matched for age and gender. Selection will be made based on medical records during the course of standard care visit. After collection of informed consent, olfactory tests will be performed.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection
olfactory tests, otoacoustic emissions (OAE)
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-05-27T13:08:22-0400
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