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his is a multicenter study that involves research on screening for prostate cancer. This study pilot tests a culturally appropriate decision aid (DA) for African American (AA) men that will empower them to take part in decision-making regarding prostate cancer screening (PCS). The Prostate Cancer Screening Preparation (PCSPrep) tool was designed with intend to be delivered in primary care settings with attention to patient/provider interaction. Funding for this study comes from the National Institute of Health/National Cancer Institute (1R21CA178296).
STUDY AIMS AIM 1: Among AA men ages 45-70, estimate the impact of PCSPrep on primary outcomes: (a) knowledge; (b) confidence in ability to make informed decisions and communicate with provider; (c) consistency between values & PCS preferences.
AIM 2: Among primary care providers, to assess secondary outcomes: (a) perceptions regarding patient engagement in SDM; and (b) concordance with patient's ratings of SDM.
AIM 3: Among patients, providers and clinic staff, document the feasibility and acceptability of integrating PCSPrep into primary care practices.
RECRUITMENT & ENROLLMENT
Primary Care Providers Recruitment:
PCPs eligible to participate will be Emory Health Care practitioners who see at least 20 potentially eligible patients. These PCPs will be sent information from the Investigator Team and Clinic Director explaining the study We will use effective clinician recruitment procedures established in our prior work, including presentations at standing clinician meetings, meeting individually with providers, and being on site to answer questions. Ten PCPs who consent to participate will complete a brief survey following the visit from each of their enrolled patients, and allow these clinical encounters to be audio-recorded. See appendix B for post encounter survey for providers. As is standard in studies involving physicians, a financial incentive will be provided following completion of post-visit data collection for each patient when allowable and not in conflict with federal regulations. In the case of the VA hospital system, providers are not allowed to take financial incentives for research, so they will not receive this. Following the visit from each of their enrolled patients, providers will respond to a brief, online survey about the extent to which they involved the patient in the SDM process, and their perceptions regarding the quality of the communication about PCS. Total provider time in the study is estimated at 120 minutes (up to 15 enrolled patients x 10 minutes per post-encounter survey + 20 minutes of informed consent discussions).
Patient Recruitment and Enrollment:
The study will enroll AA men (age 45-70) who have not undergone prostate cancer screening (PCS) in the prior 3 years. Additional eligibility criteria will include: (1) self-reported AA race/ethnicity; (2) age 45-70; (3) English speaking. Exclusion criteria will include: personal history of prostate cancer (CaP), life expectancy of <10 years as determined by the primary care provider (PCP); or serious psychiatric conditions or cognitive impairment. Identification and recruitment of patients will be conducted by the Clinical Research Associate (CRA) under supervision of the investigators and in partnership with PCP's who opt to participate. Electronic medical records (EMR) and scheduling systems may be used to identify potentially eligible men who are scheduled for a non-acute, routine medical visit with a participating PCP during the enrollment period (i.e., Dr. Filson will access his EMR account and supervise all viewing by the CRA). See appendix D for Patient recruitment letter. Two weeks prior to a scheduled visit, eligible men will be mailed study information and an opt-out card informing them that they will be contacted by phone. Men who do not opt out will be called by the CRA, screened for eligibility, and provided with information about the study procedures. See appendix E for telephone recruitment script. Men interested in participating will be asked to arrive at the clinic 90 min prior to their scheduled visit to review study information with the CRA, provide informed consent, complete pre- and post-test and post-clinical encounter surveys, and the PSCPrep. The day prior to their scheduled visit, the CRA will call to remind them of their appointment and the opportunity to participate in this study.
INTERVENTION ADMINISTRATION PCSPrep meets the International Patient Decision Aid Standards for high quality DAs, and adheres to best practices for culturally relevant interventions.Learning objectives for participants include to: (1) understand that there is a decision to be made; (2) identify their preferred role in decision-making; (3) obtain accurate, unbiased information about benefits, limitations and potential harms of screening; (4) understand personal risk of CaP; (5) clarify one's values as they relate to the potential screening outcomes; (6) seek input from significant others, if desired; (7) develop skills for communicating with provider; (8) elicit input from provider; and (9) develop a plan for action based on desired course of action.
PCSPrep uses an audiovisual and touch-screen format on an iPad to simplify use for individuals with limited literacy and/or computer skills. It is comprised of a series of modules on the web in which professional actors describe the decision-making process, communication with a provider, and discussion of PCS. Content is delivered by actors presented as physicians who answer call-in questions in a format modeled on a health-focused television show, based on focus group feedback. Questions and discussion are presented to normalize the idea that decisions are based on individual values and preferences.
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Screening
Prostate Cancer Screening Decision Aid
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-06-01T15:23:22-0400
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A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.
Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).
Removal of all or part of the PROSTATE, often using a cystoscope and/or resectoscope passed through the URETHRA.
A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.
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