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Hypertension and Injury

2016-06-12 16:31:26 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Membrane microparticles are submicron fragments of membrane vesicles shed from various cell types. Circulating endothelial microparticles have been proposed as markers of endothelial injury. However, which mechanical forces contribute to their release is not clear.

Description

In a first series subjects (50% hypertensives) with and without arterial hypertension and no Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) (n=50) will be recruited. MP subpopulations will be discriminated by flow cytometry according to the expression of established surface antigens including CD31+/41-, CD144+, and CD62e+. Besides office and ambulatory 24h blood pressure measurements, pulse wave analysis will be performed to determine central blood pressure, augmentation index (AIX), and pulse wave velocity. Endothelial function (Flow-mediated dilation, FMD), arterial pulsatile stretch (fractional diameter changes, FDC), and wall-shear-stress (WSS) will be measured in the same segment of the brachial artery (BA) by ultrasound. In a second series, the investigators will take measurements in subjects with hypertensive crises (SBP>180 mmHg) (n=20) before and after 4h and normalization of arterial BP by urapidil. In a third series, the investigators will take measurement in subjects with stable CAD (n=10) before and after transfemoral coronary diagnostic angiography.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Arterial Hypertension

Location

Division of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Vascular Medicine Duesseldorf,
Duesseldorf
NRW
Germany
40225

Status

Recruiting

Source

Heinrich-Heine University, Duesseldorf

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-06-12T16:31:26-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Common occlusive arterial disease which is caused by ATHEROSCLEROSIS. It is characterized by lesions in the innermost layer (ARTERIAL INTIMA) of arteries including the AORTA and its branches to the extremities. Risk factors include smoking, HYPERLIPIDEMIA, and HYPERTENSION.

A birth defect characterized by the narrowing of the AORTA that can be of varying degree and at any point from the transverse arch to the iliac bifurcation. Aortic coarctation causes arterial HYPERTENSION before the point of narrowing and arterial HYPOTENSION beyond the narrowed portion.

Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.

A syndrome characterized by the clinical triad of advanced chronic liver disease, pulmonary vascular dilatations, and reduced arterial oxygenation (HYPOXEMIA) in the absence of intrinsic cardiopulmonary disease. This syndrome is common in the patients with LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).

Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of medium and large muscular ARTERIES with lesions in the innermost layer of the artery (ARTERIAL INTIMA). This disease process of atherogenesis includes the retention of cholesterol-rich LIPOPROTEINS and their binding to PROTEOGLYCANS in the arterial intima, generation of proinflammatory molecules that recruit MACROPHAGES to the subendothelial space, formation of FOAM CELLS, and eventual calcification of the arterial wall. These arterial plaques (atheromas) contain CARBOHYDRATES; BLOOD; and CALCIUM.

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