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Asymptomatic bacteriuria (AB) is a condition in which bacteria are detected in urine culture without urinary symptoms. The inappropriate use of antibiotic treatment for AB selects bacterial flora to express resistance mutations. Reducing inappropriate antibiotic use for AB is difficult, since the microbiology laboratory cannot distinguish patients with AB. The investigators study will use a restricted laboratory report requesting the physician to call the laboratory for culture results. The restricted report may reduce the rate of inappropriate treatment of AB.
Positive urine cultures during the study period will be randomized to restricted microbiology laboratory reporting or standard microbiology laboratory reporting. Physician or patient consent will not be collected. Patient records will be assessed by the investigator to determine if patients have AB or urinary tract infection. Physician antibiotic treatment decision in both groups will be collected.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Not yet recruiting
Memorial University of Newfoundland
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-06-13T16:53:23-0400
Asymptomatic bacteriuria (AB) is a condition in which bacteria are detected in urine culture without urinary symptoms. The inappropriate use of antibiotic treatment for AB selects bacteria...
Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is defined as the presence of at least 105 colony-forming units (CFU)/ml of 1 or 2 bacterial species in clean-voided midstream urine sample from an individua...
The Bacteriuria in Renal Transplantation (BiRT) Study: A Trial Comparing Antibiotics Versus no Treatment in the Prevention of Symptomatic Urinary Tract Infection in Kidney Transplant Recipients With Asymptomatic Bacteriuria
The purpose of this study is to compare antibiotics versus no-treatment in kidney transplant recipients with asymptomatic bacteriuria.
Many children who catheterize their bladders because of spina bifida or other neurologic disorders have bacteriuria. This can lead to urinary tract infections by bacteria from the gut whic...
This is a prospective randomized controlled day comparing the efficacy of three-day antimicrobial treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) in pregnancy to the standard seven-day treatme...
Urinary tract infection (UTI) refers to the adherence and multiplication of an infectious agent within the urinary system. In 8-19 % of cats with clinical signs of lower urinary tract disease, bacteri...
Limited data suggest that screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) prior to nonurologic procedures is not useful. However, high-quality evidence to support consensus recommendations and influence ...
To determine tumor recurrence rate of low-grade, papillary, non-muscle-invasive (TaLG) bladder tumors in patients who have asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU). Microbes in the urine trigger immune response...
The purpose of our study was to examine the extent of anaerobic bacteriuria in catheterized patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to search for risk factors for anaerobic bacteriuria. A urine ...
A multi-centre evaluation of significant bacteriuria among pregnant women in the cascade of referral health care system in North-western Tanzania: bacterial pathogens, antimicrobial resistance profiles and predictors.
The aim of this multi-centre study was to evaluate the magnitude of significant bacteriuria (SB), implicated bacterial pathogens, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) profiles and risk factors for SB among ...
The presence of bacteria in the urine which is normally bacteria-free. These bacteria are from the URINARY TRACT and are not contaminants of the surrounding tissues. Bacteriuria can be symptomatic or asymptomatic. Significant bacteriuria is an indicator of urinary tract infection.
Descriptive terms and identifying codes for reporting medical services and procedures performed by PHYSICIANS. It is produced by the AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION and used in insurance claim reporting for MEDICARE; MEDICAID; and private health insurance programs (From CPT 2002).
Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...
Microbiology (from Greek μῑκρος, mīkros, "small"; βίος, bios, "life"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of microscopic organisms, either unicellular (singl...