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Advance Care Planning (ACP) is a process of 'reflection and communication, in which a person with decision-making capacity makes decisions regarding their future health and/or personal care in the event that they become incapable of consenting to or refusing treatment' Most Canadians have not planned for end-of-life Care and are at risk of aggressive medical care that may not be compatible with their wishes. This study aims to systematically evaluate local barriers to making personal choices with regards to life support interventions that can be provided in the contemporary Intensive Care Unit.
HYPOTHESIS: The overarching hypothesis is that the average layperson lacks sufficient knowledge about the aggressive life support measures used routinely in contemporary Critical Care to make informed decisions for themselves and their loved ones. Considering that most Canadians have not even heard of the term Advance Care Planning, it is likely that there is a gap in their knowledge and expectations of Critical Care. Such a gap can be bridged through education - the only caveat being that the individual should be in full possession of their faculties and can make informed decisions. This point is critical.
Thus this study uses a mixed methods (qualitative and quantitative) research design to address the following questions: 1) What is the state of knowledge about Critical Care interventions among healthy elderly laypersons in London, Ontario? 2) What are the barriers to formulating ACPs? 3) What opportunities exist for increasing ACP in the healthy elderly population? The primary objective of this proposal is to assess public knowledge of Critical Care interventions (and their outcomes) from the perspective of making Advance Care Plans. Secondary Objectives are 1) To evaluate local barriers to Advance Care Planning 2) To determine effective modes of education for Advance Care Planning that could be used for the community and in our hospital setting.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Advance Care Planning
Dr. Ravi Taneja
Lawson Health Research Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-06-13T16:53:26-0400
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Discussions with patients and/or their representatives about the goals and desired direction of the patient's care, particularly end-of-life care, in the event that the patient is or becomes incompetent to make decisions.
Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Compliance by health personnel or proxies with the stipulations of ADVANCE DIRECTIVES (or similar directives such as RESUSCITATION ORDERS) when patients are unable to direct their own care.
A food service control process involving scheduling of meals in advance.
Areawide planning for health care institutions on the basis of projected consumer need.
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