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Fats and oils are made up of >90% triacylglycerol fat molecules which consist of a glycerol backbone to which 3 esterified fatty acids are attached. The positions of fatty acid attachment are referred to by stereospecific numbers, sn -1, -2 and -3. There is existing evidence to show that vegetable oils having unsaturated fatty acids in the sn-2 position with predominantly palmitic acid (16:0) or stearic acid (18:0) in the sn-1 and sn-3 positions of fat molecules do not raise serum cholesterol levels. These observations have come to be known as or explained by the "sn-2 hypothesis". New evidence have also emerged to show that saturated fatty acids (16:0, 18:0) in the sn-1 and -3 positions reduces fat deposition in a rat model. In this proposed study, the effects on the outcome measures investigated of three test fats [namely palm olein IV64 (POP), virgin olive oil (OOO) and cocoa butter (POS)], with oleic acid primarily at the sn-2 position but differing amounts of palmitic, stearic and oleic acids at the sn-1/sn-3 positions of the triglyceride molecule, are investigated
To investigate the effects of different dietary fats with primarily oleic acid in the sn-2 position on the cardiovascular risk profile in healthy Malaysian volunteers
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Cardiovascular Risk Factor
DIET: PALM OLEIN IV64, DIET: COCOA BUTTER, DIET OLIVE OIL
Malaysia Palm Oil Board
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-06-16T18:23:21-0400
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A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal. This does not include DIET THERAPY, a specific diet prescribed in the treatment of a disease.
A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)
A diet which is devoid of GLUTENS from WHEAT; BARLEY; RYE; and other wheat-related varieties. The diet is designed to reduce exposure to those proteins in gluten that trigger INFLAMMATION of the small intestinal mucosa in patients with CELIAC DISEASE.
A course of food intake that is high in FATS and low in CARBOHYDRATES. This diet provides sufficient PROTEINS for growth but insufficient amount of carbohydrates for the energy needs of the body. A ketogenic diet generates 80-90% of caloric requirements from fats and the remainder from proteins.
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