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Multicountry Studies on the Effect of Positional Distribution of Fatty Acids at Triglyceride Backbone on Serum Lipids, Lipoprotein(a) and LDL-subclasses in Healthy Malaysian Volunteers

2016-06-16 18:23:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Fats and oils are made up of >90% triacylglycerol fat molecules which consist of a glycerol backbone to which 3 esterified fatty acids are attached. The positions of fatty acid attachment are referred to by stereospecific numbers, sn -1, -2 and -3. There is existing evidence to show that vegetable oils having unsaturated fatty acids in the sn-2 position with predominantly palmitic acid (16:0) or stearic acid (18:0) in the sn-1 and sn-3 positions of fat molecules do not raise serum cholesterol levels. These observations have come to be known as or explained by the "sn-2 hypothesis". New evidence have also emerged to show that saturated fatty acids (16:0, 18:0) in the sn-1 and -3 positions reduces fat deposition in a rat model. In this proposed study, the effects on the outcome measures investigated of three test fats [namely palm olein IV64 (POP), virgin olive oil (OOO) and cocoa butter (POS)], with oleic acid primarily at the sn-2 position but differing amounts of palmitic, stearic and oleic acids at the sn-1/sn-3 positions of the triglyceride molecule, are investigated

Description

To investigate the effects of different dietary fats with primarily oleic acid in the sn-2 position on the cardiovascular risk profile in healthy Malaysian volunteers

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject)

Conditions

Cardiovascular Risk Factor

Intervention

DIET: PALM OLEIN IV64, DIET: COCOA BUTTER, DIET OLIVE OIL

Status

Completed

Source

Malaysia Palm Oil Board

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-06-16T18:23:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.

Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal. This does not include DIET THERAPY, a specific diet prescribed in the treatment of a disease.

A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)

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