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Objective: The main target of this study was to research the early changes of retrobulbar and intrarenal hemodynamics, then to research the correlation between them in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients without diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and diabetic retinopathy (DR).
Method: 35 T2DM patients (diabetes group) without vascular complications and 30 healthy people (control group) were recruited to research the early changes of renal function, retrobulbar and intrarenal hemodynamics, and then to research the correlation between them. The primary endpoints were the intrarenal hemodynamic (bilateral kidney RI) in bilateral interlobular renal arteries were evaluated using Doppler Sonographic; the secondary endpoints were the retrobulbar hemodynamics RI in the bilateral central retinal artery (CRA), posterior ciliary artery (PCA), and arteria ophthalmica (OA) were evaluated using color doppler imaging (CDI); the tertiary endpoints were the biochemical endpoints: blood-fat (TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, and TG), FPG, 2hPG, HbA1c, and renal function parameters (BUN, Cr, and GFR); in addition, the albumin excrete rate (AER), urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) were measured.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Retrospective
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Color doppler imaging
Fourth People's Hospital of Shenyang
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-06-20T18:53:21-0400
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A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
A type of diabetes mellitus that is characterized by severe INSULIN RESISTANCE and LIPODYSTROPHY. The latter may be generalized, partial, acquired, or congenital (LIPODYSTROPHY, CONGENITAL GENERALIZED).
A life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus, primarily of TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS with severe INSULIN deficiency and extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA. It is characterized by excessive LIPOLYSIS, oxidation of FATTY ACIDS, production of KETONE BODIES, a sweet smell to the breath (KETOSIS;) DEHYDRATION; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA.
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Nephrology - kidney function
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