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Anesthesiologists try to avoid complications with significant peri -operative morbidity and mortality such as bronchoaspiration in patients requiring a surgical procedure under anesthesia. Currently, this is achieved based on experts recommendations from the American Society of Anesthesiologists. However, there are tools like ultrasound that allow assessment of gastric content and volume. This tool allows to individualize each patient and base the decisions objectively. The investigators will assess gastric content and volume by ultrasound in patients who have fasted and require surgery at two University Hospitals.
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Not yet recruiting
Fundación Santa Fe de Bogota
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-06-23T19:08:22-0400
The purpose of this study is to compare the gastric volume in pediatric patients who followed preoperative fasting guideline using ultrasound.
To reduce the risk of perioperative pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents, oral intake of liquids or solids is not allowed for certain periods. Recently, the ultrasound (US) is used to ...
This study will examine whether fasting and non-fasting lipid measures can provide similar clinical information in order to guide lipid management by primary physicians. It will compare f...
Prospective comparative cohort study including 159 pregnant women at the third trimester recruited from the antenatal clinic at EL-Demerdash outpatient clinic, and followed up during the h...
This study evaluates the amount of fluid remaining in the stomach of diabetic patients after a standard fasting period, and compare it with non-diabetic patients coming for elective surgic...
Fasting for cholesterol measurement has long been the accepted convention. Recent research expounded in clinical guidelines indicates that nonfasting cholesterol measurements predict outcomes at least...
Gastric ultrasound is emerging as a tool that can be used to assess gastric content and volume in patients with an unknown fasting history. This information can impact the choice of anesthetic techniq...
For decades, fasting for 8 to 12 hours has been recommended for measurement of lipid profiles. The effect of fasting on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglycerides (TG) has been de...
Considering the practice of preoperative fasting based on observations on the gastric emptying delay after induction and the time of this fast is closely linked to organic response to trauma, arise th...
Fasting concomitantly with oncology treatments (chemotherapy mainly) induces a growing interest among patients following overmediatisation of recent discoveries. The goal of this article is to provide...
The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.
An autosomal recessive fructose metabolism disorder due to absent or deficient fructose-1,6-diphosphatase activity. Gluconeogenesis is impaired, resulting in accumulation of gluconeogenic precursors (e.g., amino acids, lactate, ketones) and manifested as hypoglycemia, ketosis, and lactic acidosis. Episodes in the newborn infant are often lethal. Later episodes are often brought on by fasting and febrile infections. As patients age through early childhood, tolerance to fasting improves and development becomes normal.
Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Abstaining from all food.
Anesthesia is the loss of feeling or sensation in all or part of the body. It may result from damage to nerves or can be induced by an anesthetist (a medical professional) using anesthetics such as thiopental or propofol or sevoflurane during a surgical ...
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...