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Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in Pre-menopausal Women

2016-06-28 21:23:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Healthy premenopausal women were enrolled in a diet intervention study that examined the effect of a combination EPA/DHA supplement on risk factors associated with breast cancer. In a randomized cross-over design, women consumed their habitual diet with a supplement for three menstrual cycles, had three cycles of wash-out and then consumed a low-fat diet with the same supplement. Blood, urine and nipple aspirate fluid were collected periodically over the 10 month protocol and analyzed for biomarkers associated with supplementation and future risk of breast cancer.

Description

Non-pregnant, non-lactating women aged 18+ were recruited by way of posters, to take part in a dietary intervention study that was examining the effects of dietary fat level and fat type on risk factors associated with breast cancer. Women who were normally menstruating, consumed either their habitual diet or a low-fat diet for three menstrual cycles, along with a supplement containing 1.2 g DHA+EPA /day. This was followed by a 3-menstrual cycle washout, where the habitual diet was consumed without a supplement. Subsequently the participants consumed the other diet (either low-fat or habitual) for a further 3 menstrual cycles with the 1.2 g DHA/EPA supplement. Blood, urine and nipple aspirate fluid were colllected at the beginning and end of each intervention period and analyzed for a variety of biomarkers. Diet records were collected continuously over the entire study period and periodic 7-day records examined for collection of detailed nutrition information. Anthropometry was completed at each study visit, and nutritional counselling provided throughout.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Healthy

Intervention

omega-3 fatty acid

Status

Completed

Source

University of Guelph

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-06-28T21:23:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

FATTY ACIDS which have the first unsaturated bond in the sixth position from the omega carbon. A typical American diet tends to contain substantially more omega-6 than OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS.

A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.

An omega-6 fatty acid produced in the body as the delta 6-desaturase metabolite of linoleic acid. It is converted to dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid, a biosynthetic precursor of monoenoic prostaglandins such as PGE1. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)

An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely distributed and abundant fatty acid in nature. It is used commercially in the preparation of oleates and lotions, and as a pharmaceutical solvent. (Stedman, 26th ed)

A doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycosides. It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition and is used in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell membranes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)

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