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OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Intraplaque neovascularization is one of the most important risk factors for unstable carotid plaque. This study was designed to evaluate whether carotid intraplaque neovascularization (IPN) can be accurately assessed by contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS).
METHODS: Preoperative CEUS analysis of 50 carotid artery stenosis patients would be compared to histopathology performed on their plaques excised by carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with CD34 and MMP9 staining.
1. To enroll 50 cases of patients suffering from carotid artery stenosis continuously, the investigators perform contrast enhanced ultrasound on patients for identifying the vulnerable plagues and taking high resolution MR inspection to analysis those plagues at the same time.
2. All patients undergo carotid endarterectomy. The vulnerable ingredients of carotid plaques such as intraplaque neovascularization and bleeding are identified by pathological examination and immunohistochemical staining.
3. To evaluate the accuracy of CEUS for identifying carotid vulnerable plague compared with high resolution MR.
4. The investigators divide patients into the stable group and the vulnerable group based on the results of CEUS inspection. To analysis the incidence of postoperative complications such as stroke and mortality within 30 days and to compare the differences between the two groups.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Carotid Artery Plaque
Beijing Tsinghua Chang Gung Hosipital
Beijing Tsinghua Chang Gung Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-06-30T21:08:23-0400
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Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)
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The two principal arteries supplying the structures of the head and neck. They ascend in the neck, one on each side, and at the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage, each divides into two branches, the external (CAROTID ARTERY, EXTERNAL) and internal (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL) carotid arteries.
The splitting of the vessel wall in one or both (left and right) internal carotid arteries (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL). Interstitial hemorrhage into the media of the vessel wall can lead to occlusion of the internal carotid artery and aneurysm formation.
Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.
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