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Enhancing Patient Ability to Understand and Utilize Complex Information Concerning Medication Self-management

2016-06-30 21:08:25 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of the proposed project is to compare the effectiveness of two strategies designed to enhance patient understanding of medication risks/benefits: (1) Medication Guides, mandated for many medications by the Food and Drug Administration and (2) Drug Facts Boxes, developed by Woloshin and Schwartz to enhance the usability of consumer medication information. We will also assess whether the effectiveness of these communication strategies can be increased by Gist Reasoning Training, which is designed to enhance patients' ability to extract meaningful gist from complex information.We anticipate enrolling 300 individuals with rheumatoid arthritis. The study will use a randomized controlled trial design with four study arms. Data will be collected primarily via self-administered, Internet-based surveys using REDCap. All participants will be followed for 6 months after the completion of baseline data collection.

Description

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic, autoimmune disorder affecting 0.5% to 1% of the adult population in developed countries worldwide. Current guidelines underscore the importance of aggressive treatment of RA with disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDS) to control inflammation. Aggressive treatment has been shown to improve patient-centered outcomes, including better symptom control, functional status, and health-related quality of life and reduce the risk of premature death. A major issue in implementing aggressive therapy in practice, however, involves patient reluctance to escalate therapy when they believe that their symptoms are tolerable, despite the presence of active disease, due to concerns about medications risks. Moreover, patients often find it difficult to obtain accurate and personally-relevant information about medication risks and benefits that is written in language they can understand. There is a clear gap between the information patients want about medication risks and benefits and the information they currently receive as part of routine care.

The aim of the proposed project is to compare the effectiveness of two strategies designed to enhance patient understanding of medication risks/benefits: (1) Medication Guides, mandated for many medications by the Food and Drug Administration and (2) Drug Facts Boxes, developed by Woloshin and Schwartz to enhance the usability of consumer medication information. We will also assess whether the effectiveness of these communication strategies can be increased by Gist Reasoning Training, which is designed to enhance patients' ability to extract meaningful gist from complex information.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Conditions

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Intervention

Medication Guides, SMART Program, Drug Facts Boxes

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-06-30T21:08:25-0400

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