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Quality of Life and Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures.

2016-07-04 23:11:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The goal of this study is to identify the prognostic factors of quality of life in patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures

Description

This is a monocentric prospective study. Our main objective is to identify prognostic factors associated with an improvement of quality of life on the QOLIE-31 and Short Form Health Survey "SF-36" at six months from the diagnostic.

We hypothesized that the absence of PNES during the last three-months before the six months follow-up visit is the best prognostic factor for an improvement of quality of life All adult (>15 years and 3 months) patients diagnosed with PNES will be prospectively included.

All patients will undergo standard of care and have consultation with neurologist and a psychiatrist trained for this type of disease, as it is usually made for these patients (no intervention allocated in the context of the research). . Announcement of diagnostic will be standardized and adapted to each patient. Clinical and demographic data will be collect as well as medical and psychiatric history. All patients will undergo prolonged electroencephalogram (EEG) under video monitoring allowing the diagnostic of PNES and ruling out epilepsy. Different neurologic and psychiatric scales will be collected (Quality of life in epilepsy - 31 quotes (QOLIE-31), Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI2), Beck Anxiety index (BAI), Clinician administrated Post traumatic stress disorder scale (CAPS), Chilhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), Epworth).

All patients will be oriented to psychiatric or psychological follow-up. Patients will undergo a one, three and six months follow-up and will be evaluated the number of seizure, their severity, and psychiatric or psychological follow-up will be evaluated. Patients will undergo scales (QOLI-31, SF-36, BDI2, BAI).

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures (PNESs)

Location

University Hospital of Bordeaux - Hospital Pellegrin
Bordeaux
France
33000

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Bordeaux

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-07-04T23:11:12-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Recurrent seizures causally related to CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Seizure onset may be immediate but is typically delayed for several days after the injury and may not occur for up to two years. The majority of seizures have a focal onset that correlates clinically with the site of brain injury. Cerebral cortex injuries caused by a penetrating foreign object (CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, PENETRATING) are more likely than closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED) to be associated with epilepsy. Concussive convulsions are nonepileptic phenomena that occur immediately after head injury and are characterized by tonic and clonic movements. (From Rev Neurol 1998 Feb;26(150):256-261; Sports Med 1998 Feb;25(2):131-6)

A clinical disorder characterized by excessive fluid intake (polydipsia); HYPONATREMIA; and POLYURIA in SCHIZOPHRENIA and other psychiatric disorders. Impaired water metabolism in psychogenic polydipsia can result in WATER INTOXICATION.

Loss of the ability to recall information that had been previously encoded in memory prior to a specified or approximate point in time. This process may be organic or psychogenic in origin. Organic forms may be associated with CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS; SEIZURES; DEMENTIA; and a wide variety of other conditions that impair cerebral function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp426-9)

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Loss of the ability to form new memories beyond a certain point in time. This condition may be organic or psychogenic in origin. Organically induced anterograde amnesia may follow CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; SEIZURES; ANOXIA; and other conditions which adversely affect neural structures associated with memory formation (e.g., the HIPPOCAMPUS; FORNIX (BRAIN); MAMMILLARY BODIES; and ANTERIOR THALAMIC NUCLEI). (From Memory 1997 Jan-Mar;5(1-2):49-71)

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