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This phase II research trial studies the pocket phantom tool in improving the accuracy of quantitative positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging of patients with solid tumors. The pocket phantom tool may help test the accuracy of the PET/CT scanner and indicate whether adjustments need to be made to get consistent information.
I. Optimize the pocket phantom source design and the bias estimation algorithm: determine the tolerances and variations in the source sphere geometry and radioactive filing process; evaluate the need for higher-activity sources in the presence of increased attenuation (i.e. thicker patients); optimize CT contrast levels for source boundary detection and localization from CT images; evaluate the robustness for use with different scanner parameters (e.g. CT slice thicknesses); modify bias estimation algorithm as needed to take into account changes.
II. Develop automated and robust ID pocket phantom processing and web-based software as a service (SAS) analysis tools: automate initial identification of approximate location of the pocket phantom; add automated DICOM analysis for web-based SAS analysis tools for imaging sites.
III. Conduct phantom studies at multiple imaging centers to evaluate the performance with different imaging protocols, scanners, and reconstruction methods. Also test at multiple time points over 6-9 months to assess longitudinal stability.
IV. Conduct a comparative study with patients (at University of Washington [UW]) at multiple time points over 6-12 months to evaluate the performance of the pocket phantom in oncology patient imaging compared with current clinical practice.
Patients undergo a PET/CT scan as part of their standard clinical care. While still positioned for the clinical scan, patients undergo an additional research PET/CT scan in a smaller region over 10 minutes with the pocket phantom placed nearby.
Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Computed Tomography, Positron Emission Tomography, Imaging Phantom
Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Not yet recruiting
University of Washington
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-07-05T22:38:21-0400
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An imaging technique that combines a POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY (PET) scanner and a CT X RAY scanner. This establishes a precise anatomic localization in the same session.
An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
An imaging technique using a device which combines TOMOGRAPHY, EMISSION-COMPUTED, SINGLE-PHOTON and TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED in the same session.
A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.
Tomography using radioactive emissions from injected RADIONUCLIDES and computer ALGORITHMS to reconstruct an image.
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