Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
'Sickle-shaped' anemia was first clinically described in the US in 1910, and the mutated heritable sickle hemoglobin molecule was identified in 1949. The pathophysiology of SCD is a consequence of abnormal polymerization of sickle hemoglobin (HbS) and its effects on red cell membrane properties, shape, and density, and subsequent critical changes in inflammatory cell and endothelial cell function. Our goal is to understand the impact of CMA abnormalities in SCD, by interrogating a number of recognized interactions in a range of clinical phenotypes.
To date, correlative studies in SCD, by us and others, have range between clinical reports, based on tests, interventions, and chart review of individuals or groups of individuals and, at the other extreme, identification of functional gene polymorphisms based on population studies. The investigators wish to augment these studies through a systematic examination of cellular membrane properties and activation status. Of hematologic disorders, SCD may be unusually susceptible to such an examination.
Novel biofluidic chip technology can investigate surface characteristics that are typically measured with conventional techniques, such as fluorescent activated cell sorting (FACS), immunohistochemistry, or microscopic imaging methods. In FACS, cells of interest are isolated, extensively processed, incubated with a fluorescent-labeled antibody and sorted by optical recognition. In the proposed SCD biofluidic chip (SCD biochip), the interrogating antibody coats the microchannel surface and captures the cell population(s) of interest, without processing, incubation, or in vitro manipulation. The SCD biochip can also quantitate cellular adherence to experimental biological surfaces that are comprised of subcellular components. The SCD biochip is technically simple and experimentally flexible, whereby the population of interest is retained on the chip and quantitated in situ. The microchip system allows retrieval of viable isolated cells for potential downstream processing, analysis, and in vitro culture.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
Sickle Cell Disease
University Hospitals Case Medical Center
University Hospital Case Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-07-06T23:08:21-0400
To determine the retinal and choroidal thickness in patients with sickle cell disease compared to age, race matched population without sickle cell disease to allow a better understanding o...
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and clinical effects of SCD-101 when given to adults with sickle cell disease. SCD-101 inhibits sickling of red blood cells containing ...
To continue studies on the two major neurological complications of sickle cell disease (SCD): namely, stroke and chronic encephalopathy.
Sickle cell disease is a genetic red blood cell disorder that can result in blocking of the small blood vessels from sickle shaped red blood cells. This causes pain, the main feature of si...
Children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) seem to have higher energy needs than children who do not have the disease. This may be the reason why children and teenagers with sickle cell anemia...
Sickle cell anemia is the commonest genetic disorder in India, and the frequency of the sickle cell gene is very high in the remote tribal areas where facilities are generally limited. Therefore, a ra...
Sickle cell disease is considered the most common single base mutation in the world, with >250,000 new patients being discovered each year. It consists of a wide spectrum of clinical presentations and...
Little is known on how the interaction between Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) and renal insults caused by other coexisting conditions in Sub Saharan Africa such as urinary schistosomiasis, malnutrition and...
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of inherited blood disorders affecting the hemoglobin, shortening the lifespan of erythrocytes, and causing them to take on a distinctive sickled shape that can le...
Advancements in treatment have contributed to increased survivorship among children with sickle cell disease (SCD). Increased transition readiness, encompassing disease knowledge and self-management s...
One of the sickle cell disorders characterized by the presence of both hemoglobin S and hemoglobin C. It is similar to, but less severe than sickle cell anemia.
An abnormal hemoglobin resulting from the substitution of valine for glutamic acid at position 6 of the beta chain of the globin moiety. The heterozygous state results in sickle cell trait, the homozygous in sickle cell anemia.
An acute purulent infection of the meninges and subarachnoid space caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, most prevalent in children and adults over the age of 60. This illness may be associated with OTITIS MEDIA; MASTOIDITIS; SINUSITIS; RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS; sickle cell disease (ANEMIA, SICKLE CELL); skull fractures; and other disorders. Clinical manifestations include FEVER; HEADACHE; neck stiffness; and somnolence followed by SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits (notably DEAFNESS); and COMA. (From Miller et al., Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p111)
A disease characterized by chronic hemolytic anemia, episodic painful crises, and pathologic involvement of many organs. It is the clinical expression of homozygosity for hemoglobin S.
The condition of being heterozygous for hemoglobin S.
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...