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Swallowing Function, Oral Health, and Food Intake in Old Age

2016-07-11 00:21:10 | BioPortfolio

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-07-11T00:21:10-0400

Clinical Trials [428 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Dysphagia Evaluation After Stroke- Incidence and Effect of Oral Screen Intervention on Swallowing Dysfunction

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of a specific rehabilitation program with oral screen used in stroke patients with persistent oral-and pharyngeal dysphagia.

Study: C-Collar and Dysphagia

The purpose of this study is to characterize oral-pharyngeal swallow function with the guidance of videofluoroscopy under two conditions, with and without cervical bracing, in patients det...

Validation and Clinical Application of Dysphagia Screening Questionnaire

The aim of this research was to develop a dysphagia screening measure and evaluate the prevalence of dysphagia ant its clinical manifestation in different in age population groups.

Validation of Instruments Used for Assessment of Dysphagia in Patients With Esophageal Cancer

This study validates 3 well known dysphagia scores for dysphagia due to malignancies of the oesophagus and gastro-oesophageal junction and to the Swedish language.

Pilot Study to Improve Therapeutic Outcomes for Dysphagia After Radiation Therapy

Patients with head and neck cancer treated with chemoradiation, often develop a treatment associated dysphagia. The common complaint is foods sticking in the pharynx. This study seeks to t...

PubMed Articles [5046 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Relationship between dysarthria and oral-oropharyngeal dysphagia: The current evidence.

There is a high prevalence of dysphagia among patients with neuromuscular diseases and cerebrovascular diseases, and its consequences can be profound. However, the correlation between dysarthria and o...

Drooling is no early sign of dysphagia in Parkinson's disease.

Dysphagia is frequent and clinically highly relevant in Parkinson's disease (PD). For a rational dysphagia screening predictors are required. Previous investigations suggested that drooling correlates...

Cognitive impairment has no impact on hospital-associated dysphagia in aspiration pneumonia patients.

Hospital-associated dysphagia, characterized by deconditioning of swallowing as a result of hospitalization, is sometimes observed in patients with aspiration pneumonia (AP). Cognitive impairment is k...

Prevalence and association of oral candidiasis with dysphagia in individuals with acquired brain injury.

To describe the prevalence of oral candidiasis (OC) in individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) and to evaluate the association of OC with improvement in dysphagia.

Predictors of dysphagia in critically injured patients with neck trauma.

Trauma patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) are at heightened risk for oropharyngeal dysphagia and pulmonary aspiration. Timely and appropriate referrals for dysphagia may reduce mortali...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Difficulty in SWALLOWING which may result from neuromuscular disorder or mechanical obstruction. Dysphagia is classified into two distinct types: oropharyngeal dysphagia due to malfunction of the PHARYNX and UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; and esophageal dysphagia due to malfunction of the ESOPHAGUS.

Screens which absorb the energy in the x-ray beam that has penetrated the patient and convert this energy into a light pattern which has as nearly as possible the same information as the original x-ray beam. The more light a screen produces for a given input of x-radiation, the less x-ray exposure and thus shorter exposure time are needed to expose the film. In most film-screen systems, the film is sandwiched between two screens in a cassette so that the emulsion on each side is exposed to the light from its contiguous screen.

A branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the oral and paraoral structures and the oral management of systemic diseases. (Hall, What is Oral Medicine, Anyway? Clinical Update: National Naval Dental Center, March 1991, p7-8)

The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.

A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)

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