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Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) poses a particular dilemma for thromboprophylaxis. Left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) is a non-pharmacological approach to prevent cardiac embolism in NVAF. The risk-benefit ratio of LAAO in patients with NVAF after ICH is unknown. The aim of STROKECLOSE is to assess the effect of LAAO to reduce the incidence stroke, bleeding and cardiovascular mortality in patients with NVAF and prior ICH.
Methods/design: A multicenter prospective randomized open-label clinical trial with blinded outcome evaluation (PROBE design) and blinded safety outcome assessment. The active comparison LAAO is tested against medical therapy in a 2:1 stratified randomization.
Study population: Patients should have had an ICH within 6 months prior to enrollment and have NVAF with increased risk of stroke or systemic embolism, as indicated by a CHA2DS2VASc score >2. In total 750 patients will be included. Active enrollment ensues over 3 years followed by 5 years follow-up and a long-term follow-up at 10 years.
Intervention and control: The intervention group will be treated by LAAO, using the Amplatzer Amulet device. Implantation requires a catheterization procedure using venous access and transseptal puncture and is guided by angiography, fluoroscopy and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) or intracardiac echocardiography (ICE). Recommended post-implant antithrombotic therapy includes aspirin (ASA) therapy for at least 6 months, with or without clopidogrel for the first 45 days after implantation. The control group will receive medical therapy, delivered according to national standards and guidelines at the treating physicians' discretion. This may include oral anticoagulation (OAC) (vitamin-K antagonists, VKA), non-VKA OAC, antiplatelet therapy or no antithrombotic therapy at all.
Main study outcomes: The primary outcome is the composite endpoint of stroke (ischemic and hemorrhagic), systemic embolism, life-threatening or major bleeding and all-cause mortality, assessed over at least two years. Secondary outcome examines various early and late safety outcome parameters.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
LAAO, Medical Therapy
Karolinska Trial Alliance, KTA Support
Not yet recruiting
Karolinska University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-07-13T00:08:21-0400
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Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).
Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.
A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)
Impaired or delayed impulse conduction between the right and left HEART ATRIA. Advanced interatrial blocks are often associated with arrhythmias (e.g., ATRIAL FLUTTER; and ATRIAL FIBRILLATION), direct conduction block via the Bachmann's bundle and concomitant left atrial enlargement. Syndrome of advanced interatrial block associated with SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA is referred to as Bayes syndrome.
A THROMBIN inhibitor which acts by binding and blocking thrombogenic activity and the prevention of thrombus formation. It is used to reduce the risk of stroke and systemic EMBOLISM in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.
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