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Trial of Stereotactic Body Radiation and Gene Therapy Before Nivolumab for Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma

2016-07-14 00:38:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This is a Phase II trial to determine the efficacy and safety of in situ gene therapy and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) used as a window of opportunity treatment before nivolumab in patients with metastatic squamous and non-squamous non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). In situ gene therapy will consist of adenovirus-mediated expression of herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (ADV/HSV-tk) plus Valacyclovir therapy.

Description

This is a Phase II trial to determine the efficacy and safety of in situ gene therapy and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) used as a window of opportunity treatment before nivolumab in patients with metastatic squamous and non-squamous non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). In situ gene therapy will consist of adenovirus-mediated expression of herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (ADV/HSV-tk) plus Valacyclovir therapy. Male or female patients aged ≥18 years with histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic squamous or non-squamous NSCLC who are ineligible for cisplatin-based chemotherapy or whose disease has progressed after treatment with at least one platinum-containing regimen and at least one additional systemic therapy are eligible to participate in the study. Patients with EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations are eligible only if they have had disease progression on FDA-approved therapy for these aberrations. ADV/HSV-tk (5 x 1011 viral particles) in a 2-mL total volume will be injected intratumorally at 0.5 ml carrying 1.25 x 1011 viral particles in each of 4 tumor quadrants on day 0 of the study. Valacyclovir will be orally administered at a dose of 2 g three times daily for 14 days. Valacyclovir treatment will be administered 24 hours after the gene vector injection from day 1 to day 15 of the study. SBRT of 30 gray (Gy; 6 Gy X 5 fractions) will be administered over 2 weeks from day 2 to day 16 of the study. Nivolumab (3 mg/kg) will be administered intravenously over 60 minutes every 2 weeks starting on day 17 of the study and continuing until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint will be the objective response rate (ORR) of ADV/HSV-tk + Valacyclovir therapy in combination with SBRT used as a window of opportunity treatment before nivolumab in patients with metastatic squamous or non-squamous NSCLC. Both RECIST 1.1 and modified immune-related response criteria (irRC; derived from RECIST 1.1) will be used to assess treatment response. Secondary endpoints will include a) duration of response (DoR); b) overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates; c) safety and toxicity (toxicity will be defined as any treatment-related death or any ≥ grade 3 non-hematological toxicity excluding alopecia and constitutional symptoms as assessed by NCI CTCAE v4.03); and d) immune-mediated antitumor activity (assessed by RECIST 1.1 and modified irRC) of ADV/HSV-tk plus Valacyclovir therapy in combination with SBRT used as a window of opportunity treatment before nivolumab.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IV

Intervention

ADV/HSV-tk, Valacyclovir, SBRT, nivolumab

Location

Houston Methodist Hospital
Houston
Texas
United States
77030

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

The Methodist Hospital System

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-07-14T00:38:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.

A carcinoma derived from stratified squamous epithelium. It may also occur in sites where glandular or columnar epithelium is normally present. (From Stedman, 25th ed)

Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.

A mixed adenocarcinoma and squamous cell or epidermoid carcinoma.

A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).

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