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New markers of viral activity are now under investigation. Aim of the study is to investigate the efficacy of new antiretroviral drugs by monitoring HIV-DNA dynamics in HIV-positive population. In HIV/HCV coinfected population, the study of HIV reservoir dynamics and the analysis of the prevalence of HCV resistance-associated mutations will help clinicians to improve the management of coinfected patients.
New markers of viral activity are now under investigation. Besides HIV-RNA and CD4 cells count, HIV-DNA is an emerging marker of viral reservoir, that seems to be associated with the risk of HIV-related diseases, especially in HCV coinfected patients. New antiretroviral drugs, particularly integrase inhibitors, are expected to decrease residual viremia and, consequently, viral reservoir. Monitoring of HIV-DNA dynamics during antiretroviral treatment could lead to a better management of HIV infected population.
Also, the role of HCV in influencing HIV natural history requires careful monitoring. In particular, with a broader use of direct acting antiretroviral, the analysis of prevalence of HCV resistance associated mutation will be more and more important to manage patients with treatment failure.
Observational Model: Ecologic or Community, Time Perspective: Prospective
Blood sample withdrawal
Catholic University of Sacred Heart
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-07-20T02:38:22-0400
Natural Killer (NK) cells play a unique role during innate immune responses as they are able to recognize and eliminate, without specific sensitization, tumors, microbe-infected cells as w...
This protocol will be used to collect crucial components of the immune system from healthy volunteers for the characterization of immune cells in fresh blood. A pipeline has been set up fo...
The purpose of this study is to compare a fixed-schedule therapy versus a symptom-triggered therapy for alcohol withdrawal syndrome in medical outpatients. Objectives: - Self-go...
The primary aim of this project is to test the effect of exercise on acute nicotine withdrawal. Acute nicotine withdrawal is characterized by a complex array of symptoms associated with in...
Withdrawal from opioids is a clinical scenario that emergency department physicians encounter frequently. Patients who present with opioid withdrawal display symptoms such as agitation, an...
We examined the relationship between physical work hazards and employee withdrawal among a sample of healthcare employees wherein compliance was hypothesized to moderate the relationship between physi...
This article proposes an update and summary of current knowledge in the management of alcohol withdrawal, based on a review of recent literature. The issues open to debate and the areas whith new deve...
Alcohol produces complex effects on the immune system. Moderate alcohol use (1-2 drinks per day) has been shown to produce anti-inflammatory responses in human blood monocytes, whereas, the post morte...
Network theories of psychopathology highlight that, rather than being indicators of a latent disorder, symptoms of disorders can causally interact with one another in a network. The present study exam...
Herein is presented a platform capable of detecting less than 30 cells from a whole blood sample by size-exclusion filtration, microfluidic sample handling, and mass spectrometric detection through si...
Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.
The fraction of a blood sample, following CENTRIFUGATION, that is distinguished as a thin light-colored layer between the RED BLOOD CELLS, underneath it, and the PLASMA, above it. It is composed mostly of WHITE BLOOD CELLS and PLATELETS.
Repetitive withdrawal of small amounts of blood and replacement with donor blood until a large proportion of the blood volume has been exchanged. Used in treatment of fetal erythroblastosis, hepatic coma, sickle cell anemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, septicemia, burns, thrombotic thrombopenic purpura, and fulminant malaria.
The number of RED BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in a sample of venous BLOOD.
The number of LEUKOCYTES and ERYTHROCYTES per unit volume in a sample of venous BLOOD. A complete blood count (CBC) also includes measurement of the HEMOGLOBIN; HEMATOCRIT; and ERYTHROCYTE INDICES.
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...