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Identification of Biomarker Profiles GEP-NEN Patients

2016-07-21 02:23:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Although gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasia (GEP-NEN) were considered for years as rare tumors, their incidences are increasing. Due to their potential of early metastases and their heterogenous response to therapy, these tumors are important clinical entities. A major problem remains the impossibility to adequately predict tumors' response to treatment, precluding an individualized therapy. Further, there is no method to efficiently screen these tumors. Protein based analyses (proteomic analyses) gain in interest as methods to address this problematic.

The present study was designed to investigate epidemiologic data of patients with GEP-NEN and to answer following questions using proteomic analysis applied to existing pathology specimens (paraffin-embedded specimens, FFPE): is it possible to explore protein signatures in this type of tumors? Is the response to therapy predictable using specific protein signatures? Is the tumor's tendency to metastasize related to specific protein signatures?

Description

Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasia (GEP-NEN) were considered for years as rare tumors. In last years however, their incidences are increasing (3,65 / 100.000 / year) [Lawrence et al., 2011; Friling et al, 2014]. These tumors are important clinical entities: 1) 40-95% of tumors have metastasized at diagnosis, 2) evidence-based data dealing with the therapeutic strategy and screening are still scarce.

A central problem remains the impossibility to adequately predict the response to surgery, chemotherapy, radiochemotherapy, peptid-receptor-based Radiotherapy or biotherapy, precluding an individualized therapy (precision medicine) [Rinke et al., 2014]. An actual research topic in these patients is the identification of patient markers allowing an response prediction. Moreover, researchers try to identify tumor markers in patients with unknown primary in order to locate the origin of metastases. Further, identification of tumor specific markers would allow the development of screening strategies in GEP-NEN. Due to the ability of these techniques to describe the biological heterogenity of a tumor, proteomics (protein based analysis methods) are promising in the present problematic [Bezabeh et al., 2014; Löhr et al., 2006; Pan et al., 2013].

The present study was designed to investigate epidemiologic data of patients with GEP-NEN and to answer following questions using proteomic analysis (MALDI-MS) applied to existing pathology specimens (paraffin-embedded specimens, FFPE): is it possible to explore protein signatures in this type of tumors? Is the response to therapy predictable using specific protein signatures? Is the tumor's tendency to metastasize related to specific protein signatures? The present investigation explores the GEP-NEN database/register of following institutions: University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, University hospital of Freiburg, Agaplesion Hospital Rotenburg. The pathology specimens of the studied register-population, were identified in the biobank and pathology-institutes of the participating hospitals and investigated using MALDI-MS technique.

Study Design

Time Perspective: Retrospective

Conditions

Neuroendocrine Tumors

Location

University Hospital Freiburg - Department of Surgery
Freiburg im Breisgau
Baden-Württemberg
Germany
79106

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Schleswig-Holstein

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-07-21T02:23:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors whose cells possess secretory granules and originate from the neuroectoderm, i.e., the cells of the ectoblast or epiblast that program the neuroendocrine system. Common properties across most neuroendocrine tumors include ectopic hormone production (often via APUD CELLS), the presence of tumor-associated antigens, and isozyme composition.

A group of carcinomas which share a characteristic morphology, often being composed of clusters and trabecular sheets of round "blue cells", granular chromatin, and an attenuated rim of poorly demarcated cytoplasm. Neuroendocrine tumors include carcinoids, small ("oat") cell carcinomas, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, Merkel cell tumor, cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma, pancreatic islet cell tumors, and pheochromocytoma. Neurosecretory granules are found within the tumor cells. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)

A 38-kDa integral membrane glycoprotein of the presynaptic vesicles in neuron and neuroendocrine cells. It is expressed by a variety of normal and neoplastic neuroendocrine cells and is therefore used as an immunocytochemical marker for neuroendocrine differentiation in various tumors. In ALZHEIMER DISEASE and other dementing disorders, there is an important synapse loss due in part to a decrease of synaptophysin in the presynaptic vesicles.

An acidic protein found in the NEUROENDOCRINE SYSTEM that functions as a molecular chaperone for PROPROTEIN CONVERTASE 2.

A usually small, slow-growing neoplasm composed of islands of rounded, oxyphilic, or spindle-shaped cells of medium size, with moderately small vesicular nuclei, and covered by intact mucosa with a yellow cut surface. The tumor can occur anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract (and in the lungs and other sites); approximately 90% arise in the appendix. It is now established that these tumors are of neuroendocrine origin and derive from a primitive stem cell. (From Stedman, 25th ed & Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1182)

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