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Long-term Remote Ischemic Preconditioning Improve Long-term Prognosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients Without Emergency Reperfusion Therapy

2016-07-26 03:08:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are in critical condition especially without emergency reperfusion therapy. For example, heart failure, heart rupture, malignant arrhythmia are in high level. It was reported remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) may play an effective endogenous cardiac protection. This study will investigate whether long-term RIPC can improve the short-term and long-term (1 year) prognosis of AMI patients without emergency reperfusion therapy. 220 AMI patients without emergency reperfusion therapy were randomly divided into 2 groups: long-term RIPC group (once RIPC/day for a year) or control group (routine treatment). Cardiac troponin (TNI), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), adenosine, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), echocardiography and magnetic resonance(MR)were detected in hospital, 1 month and 1 year after discharge. Patients will be followed up by telephone at the end of one year. The major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) include cardiovascular death, spontaneous myocardial infarction, unplanned revascularization and stroke.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Myocardial Infarction [C14.280.647.500]

Intervention

reported remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC)

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Xuanwu Hospital, Beijing

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-07-26T03:08:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The application of repeated, brief periods of vascular occlusion at the onset of REPERFUSION to reduce REPERFUSION INJURY that follows a prolonged ischemic event. The techniques are similar to ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING but the time of application is after the ischemic event instead of before.

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the anterior wall of the heart is involved. Anterior wall myocardial infarction is often caused by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. It can be categorized as anteroseptal or anterolateral wall myocardial infarction.

A myocardial infarction that does not produce elevations in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. ST segment elevation of the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction).

Exposure of myocardial tissue to brief, repeated periods of vascular occlusion in order to render the myocardium resistant to the deleterious effects of ISCHEMIA or REPERFUSION. The period of pre-exposure and the number of times the tissue is exposed to ischemia and reperfusion vary, the average being 3 to 5 minutes.

A clinical syndrome defined by MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA symptoms; persistent elevation in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM; and release of BIOMARKERS of myocardial NECROSIS (e.g., elevated TROPONIN levels). ST segment elevation in the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also NON-ST ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).

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