Advertisement

Topics

Inhibitory Control of the Mind : Neural Bases and Impact for Obsessive-compulsive Disorders

2016-08-02 06:08:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Mental-health conditions affect million people worldwide. The economic burden of mental illness is enormous and the economic health of both developing and developed nations will depend on controlling the staggering growth in costs from mental disorders. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a relatively common and frequent form of anxiety that affects approximately 2-3% of the population. OCD is characterized by anxiety, obsessions (persistent intrusive thoughts and images with highly distressing contents) and compulsions (repetitive activity), and severely impairs the lives of those affected. Despite their interest as effective and affordable care and rehabilitation, cognitive therapeutic profits too little from the increasing accumulation of knowledge in neuroscience, and neuroscientists pay too little attention to the challenges faced by clinical psychologists and psychiatrists. To reduce this cultural gap, two teams specialized in the study and multimodal imaging of healthy participants and clinical patients with mental health disorders, the UMR-S INSERM-EPHE-UNICAEN U1077 unit led by Francis Eustache, and ISTS team (UMR-S 6301 CNRS-CEA-UCBN) led by Sonia Dollfus, will joint their efforts to develop an integrated approach of the neural mechanisms at stake from basic neuroscience using state-of-art neuroimaging techniques, to novel and ground breaking psychological intervention. Both teams evolve at the brain imaging Cyceron center in Caen in connection with the Mental Health and Addictology Center, offering unique opportunities for such translational research. This project will capitalize on recent evidence showing that healthy participants can prevent unwanted images from entering consciousness using inhibitory control and memory suppression techniques, disrupting traces of the memories in sensory areas of the brain, and weakening their vividness and later reentrance. OCD is characterized by aberrant and excessive visual intrusions, usually extremely vivid, detailed, and unpleasant. These distressing images are particularly uncontrollable and may frequently initiate compulsive rituals. In a first phase of this proposal will use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to develop a neurobiological model of the cognitive computations achieved by inhibition network to suppress memory. To achieve this goal we will develop an attentional model of healthy memory inhibition functioning, simulating the deployment of attentional resources and the different mental processes at stake during suppression. Using sophisticated analyzing tools of fMRI data, we will use this model to decode and infer the representational content of the brain inhibition network, and further refine the connectivity pathways which underlie such control. The lack of a strong neurobiological model prevents the development of therapies which would increase functionality of this network and optimize intervention aiming to disrupt mental intrusions and obsessions. In a second phase, we will assess whether memory suppression may be transferred and trained in OCD patients using images depicting their own obsessions, as a promising avenue to reduce their symptoms on the long run. In addition, fMRI and other brain structural acquisitions will be collected before and after cognitive training to memory suppression, offering a unique opportunity to observe the online dysfunction of intrusion control in OCD patients and to identify neurobiological markers predictive of training outcome and network reconfiguration with training. A fundamental goal of motivated forgetting involves not only to exclude unwelcome content from consciousness but also to reduce their later emotional impact by doing so. In parallel of these two main phases, we will thus also measure physiological markers of autonomic nervous system activity changes in response to suppressed images to better identify the consequences of memory suppression on emotional states, anxiety, and mental health in general.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Conditions

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Intervention

Functional magnetic resonance imaging, behavioral measures, physiological measurements

Location

GIP Cyceron
Caen
Calvados
France
14000

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Caen

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-08-02T06:08:21-0400

Clinical Trials [3919 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

3 Tesla MRI in Patients With Bladder Cancer

RATIONALE: New diagnostic procedures, such as 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), may help find bladder cancer and learn the extent of disease. PURPOSE: This clinical trial is study...

Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Evaluating Response to RadiationTherapy in Patients With High Grade Glioma

RATIONALE: Diagnostic procedures, such as magnetic resonance imaging, may help doctors predict a patient's response to treatment and help plan the best treatment. PURPOSE: This clinical tr...

Study of Ibuprofen Effects on Brain Function

The aim of this project is to determine whether the acute oral administration of Ibuprofen changes the activation pattern in the amygdala and other brain structures during functional magne...

Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Imaging in Evaluating Patients Who Are Undergoing Treatment for Gliomas

RATIONALE: Diagnostic procedures, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI), (done before, during, and after treatment) may help doctors ...

A Non-interventional Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study and Behavioral Assessment in Healthy Participants

This is a single center non-interventional study in healthy participants for behavioral assessment and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) assessments. The study will consist of 2...

PubMed Articles [25896 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Cognitive workload across the spectrum of cognitive impairments: A systematic review of physiological measures.

Our objective was to identify the physiological measures that are sensitive to assessing cognitive workload across the spectrum of cognitive impairments. Three database searches were conducted: PubMed...

Structural and functional brain changes in early- and mid-stage primary open-angle glaucoma using voxel-based morphometry and functional magnetic resonance imaging.

To investigate structural and functional brain changes in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) by using voxel-based morphometry based on diffeomorphic anatomical registration through expon...

Simultaneous Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) is a promising tool for noninvasive investigation of brain oscillations. TACS employs frequency-specific stimulation of the human brain through curr...

Diffusion-Weighted and Magnetization Transfer Imaging in Testicular Spermatogenic Function Evaluation: Preliminary Results.

To assess the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), including diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) and magnetization transfer MRI (MTI) in evaluating male infertility.

Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Detect Chronic Fatigue in Patients With Previous Traumatic Brain Injury: Changes Linked to Altered Striato-Thalamic-Cortical Functioning.

To investigate whether functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can be used to detect fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; fluorescence imaging; and MICROSCOPY.

A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.

Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).

A type of MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING that uses only one nuclear spin excitation per image and therefore can obtain images in a fraction of a second rather than the minutes required in traditional MRI techniques. It is used in a variety of medical and scientific applications.

The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.

More From BioPortfolio on "Inhibitory Control of the Mind : Neural Bases and Impact for Obsessive-compulsive Disorders"

Quick Search
Advertisement
 

Relevant Topics

Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety is caused by stress. It is a natural reaction, and is beneficial in helping us deal with tense situations and pressure. It is deterimental when is becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations. The most common types of anxiety di...

Mental Health
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...


Searches Linking to this Trial