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Epidemics and infectious diseases in general, punctuate much of the activity of an emergency service. The impact of winter infections is particularly important to vulnerable populations such as infant during bronchiolitis epidemics and the elderly during seasonal influenza. Each year, these epidemic phenomena lead to disorganization of emergency services and healthcare teams by lack of anticipation and organizational measures in particular to manage the approval of emergency services for the most vulnerable populations requiring hospitalization.
For 2 years, the pediatric emergency department of St Etienne University Hospital has a decision support tool for the periods of winter epidemics. Through a retrospective analysis of Passages of Emergency summary, this tool provides an estimate of infants with bronchiolitis flow day to day, and the availability in real time of an abnormally high flow of patients to pediatric emergencies. These data can help to affirm that the epidemic begins in this hospital.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
CHU de Grenoble (adult emergency service)
Not yet recruiting
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Saint Etienne
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-08-09T08:53:21-0400
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Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
The application of STATISTICS to biological systems and organisms involving the retrieval or collection, analysis, reduction, and interpretation of qualitative and quantitative data.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes epidemics and pandemics.
A branch of computer or library science relating to the storage, locating, searching, and selecting, upon demand, relevant data on a given subject.
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