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Prevalence and Factors Associated With the Occurrence of Depression Six Months After an Endovascular Treatment of Intracranial Aneurysm

2016-08-16 10:08:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

During the last decade, the embolization has become the treatment of choice for ruptured intracranial aneurysms, to improve the neurological outcome of patients. At the same time, for his safety, she also became the technique allowing prophylactic treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms discovered incidentally during imaging exams.

Regarding patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms, patients who survive often have a reduced quality of life while one in two has a good neurological outcome after embolization. Depression, anxiety and fatigue, whose the psycho-social impact is important, are often cited. This description has often been done without considering the realized type of treatment (surgery or embolization) and mostly of neurological and functional status of the patient remotely (disability or not in daily activities).

Regarding patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms, they are mostly asymptomatic and embolization is programmed. They would present an cognitive impairment in one case in five at 1 month of treatment.

If depression, fatigue and difficult return to working life are logically found in patients with severe sequelae (disability in daily activities) of their ruptured intracranial aneurysms, the question arises for patients with a ruptured intracranial aneurysms with a favorable evolution and for asymptomatic patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms.

A precise status of these populations is necessary, especially as the discovery and treatment of their intracranial aneurysms is often early (between 40 and 60 years) and that their good neurological status should allow "a priori" to return easily at the active life.

Description

Describe the prevalence of depression among patients treated for intracranial aneurysms, especially in patients with a favorable neurological outcome at 6 months (mRS inferior or egal to 1).

Study factors associated with the presence of depression in patients treated for intracranial aneurysms, especially in patients with a favorable neurological outcome at 6 months (mRS inferior or egal to 1)

Study Design

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Conditions

Intracranial Aneurysm

Intervention

questionnaires assessing the state of fatigue, depression and anxiety

Location

Chu de Reims
Reims
France
51092

Status

Recruiting

Source

CHU de Reims

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-08-16T10:08:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)

A state arrived at through prolonged and strong contraction of a muscle. Studies in athletes during prolonged submaximal exercise have shown that muscle fatigue increases in almost direct proportion to the rate of muscle glycogen depletion. Muscle fatigue in short-term maximal exercise is associated with oxygen lack and an increased level of blood and muscle lactic acid, and an accompanying increase in hydrogen-ion concentration in the exercised muscle.

A common nonarticular rheumatic syndrome characterized by myalgia and multiple points of focal muscle tenderness to palpation (trigger points). Muscle pain is typically aggravated by inactivity or exposure to cold. This condition is often associated with general symptoms, such as sleep disturbances, fatigue, stiffness, HEADACHES, and occasionally DEPRESSION. There is significant overlap between fibromyalgia and the chronic fatigue syndrome (FATIGUE SYNDROME, CHRONIC). Fibromyalgia may arise as a primary or secondary disease process. It is most frequent in females aged 20 to 50 years. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1494-95)

Bleeding into the intracranial or spinal SUBARACHNOID SPACE, most resulting from INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM rupture. It can occur after traumatic injuries (SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC). Clinical features include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING, nuchal rigidity, variable neurological deficits and reduced mental status.

A self-administered version of the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD), a diagnostic tool containing modules on multiple mental health disorders including anxiety, alcohol, eating, and somatoform modules. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) is designed specifically for mood/depression scoring each of the 9 DSM-IV criteria based on the mood module from the original PRIME-MD. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7) scores 7 common anxiety symptoms.

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