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Binge Eating Disorder and Obesity : Functional MRI Study

2016-08-17 10:53:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Obesity, defined as BMI> 30kg / m2, is a major public health problem, with devastating medical and psychological consequences. 30% of obese suffer from BED type of eating disorders. The optimal treatment of obesity remains bariatric surgery, failed in 20% of cases. Many arguments are in favor of the involvement of the reward circuitry, with the central role of NAc in the pathophysiology of BED and obesity. The recent application and effectiveness of DBS (Deep Brain Stimulation) in refractory psychiatric disorders suggest that DBS may be of interest in treating obesity and BED with potential target for the NAc. This project propose to study fMRI activation of the reward system in response to food stimuli to better direct the DBS targets. This is a pilot study to define indication criteria based on fMRI to obese BED patients are potential candidates for treatment with DBS.

Description

The aim of this functional neuroimaging study is to analyze brain responses to visual food cues in obese (body mass index > 97th percentile) adolescents with BED (according to the criteria Marcus and Kalarchian) compared with healthy control adolescents in two situations : hunger et satiety.

Fifteen obese adolescents (12/16 years) with BED and fifteen healthy control adolescents will be enrolled in the study protocol. Participants will be instructed not to eat food for at least 6 hours prior to the first imaging session. After the initial set of functional and anatomic scans, participants will be fed a standard calorie meal. Approximately 1 hour later, the experiment will be repeated while participants are in a satiated condition. The cortical fMRI activation will be measured during the following four experimental visual conditions : high calory food, low calory food, disgust and neutral presented in block design.

First-level and second-level differences in neural activation assessed during funtional MRI in the different conditions will then be analyzed.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Conditions

Binge Eating Disorder

Intervention

Functional MRI, ADO-BEDS scale, R-CMAS scale

Location

Chu Montpellier
Montpellier
France
34295

Status

Recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Montpellier

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-08-17T10:53:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)

A scale comprising 18 symptom constructs chosen to represent relatively independent dimensions of manifest psychopathology. The initial intended use was to provide more efficient assessment of treatment response in clinical psychopharmacology research; however, the scale was readily adapted to other uses. (From Hersen, M. and Bellack, A.S., Dictionary of Behavioral Assessment Techniques, p. 87)

An eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating (BULIMIA or bingeing) followed by inappropriate acts (purging) to avert weight gain. Purging methods often include self-induced VOMITING, use of LAXATIVES or DIURETICS, excessive exercise, and FASTING.

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