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Smoking Cessation in Hispanic Construction Workers

2016-08-22 11:37:11 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Construction workers have the highest rate of smoking among all occupations, and are frequently exposed to a wide range of workplace hazards (e.g. toxins), which interact with smoking to increase their health risks. Minority construction workers, in particular, have higher smoking and lower cessation rates compared to other groups, and they generally show lower access and participation in cessation and health promotion services. The number of Hispanic workers employed in the construction industry in the US has tripled in the past decade to 2.6 million (23% of all construction workers). This study will develop, administer, and evaluate a novel smoking cessation program in a hard-to-reach and underserved population of Hispanic male construction workers using using pilot cluster randomized clinical trial (RCT) to test the developed intervention for feasibility and potential efficacy.

Description

A two-arm, cluster-randomized controlled trial will be conducted with 14 construction sites, selected from one Construction Company in south Florida. Cluster randomization is used with construction site chosen as the unit of allocation because it is most practical in this setting and minimizes the risk of spillover effects from the intervention to the control group. Computer-generated random selection will be used to select 14 out of 27 construction sites of one company (Coastal) in south Florida. Then, construction sites will be randomly assigned to the intervention (7 sites in the enhanced care) or the control group (7 sites in the standard care), and study participants working in these sites will receive treatment accordingly. In conjunction with the lunch truck, the investigators will recruit 9 adult Hispanic construction workers who smoke ≥5 cigarettes/day per site (126 total). Participants in the enhanced care will receive one culturally adapted brief face-to-face behavioral counseling session developed in phase 1 and delivered at a lunch truck, two brief follow-up phone counseling calls, fax referral to the Florida quitline (QL), and provision of up to 6 weeks of free NRT. Participants in the standard care will receive fax referral to the Florida QL, and provision of up to 6 weeks of free NRT.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Smoking Cessation

Intervention

Nicorette Gum, Nicoderm CQ, Smoking Quitline Referral, Behavioral Smoking Cessation Counseling

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Miami

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-08-22T11:37:11-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A decrease in the incidence and frequency of SMOKING. Smoking reduction differs from SMOKING CESSATION in that the smoker continues to smoke albeit at a lesser frequency without quitting.

Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.

Pipes for smoking tobacco, cannabis, and other substances, in which smoke is drawn through water. Do not confuse with SMOKING PIPES.

Cessation of the habit of using tobacco products for smoking or chewing, including the use of snuff.

Gadgets, utensils, apparatuses or instruments used for SMOKING.

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