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Effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on Cognition in Multiple Sclerosis Patients

2016-08-24 12:53:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) is effective on improvement of cognitive disorders in Multiple sclerosis patients.

Description

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the most common autoimmune diseases in the world. One of the complications of MS, is cognitive disorder.

In some studies on rats, stimulation of somatosensory neurons has improved the hippocampus activity by increasing the amount of acetylcholine. Hippocampus has a major role in cognition and behavior.

TENS is a non-invasive method in which the electrical pulses are sent to the body trough skin by electrodes. This device can stimulate the somatosensory neurons by electrical impulses. In several studies, the effect of TENS has been proved on short term memory and verbal fluency in patients with mild stages of Alzheimer disease. Also it has been effective on some aspects of cognition on old people suffering from forgetfulness.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Multiple Sclerosis

Intervention

TENS

Location

Alzahra Hospital
Isfahan
Iran, Islamic Republic of

Status

Recruiting

Source

Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-08-24T12:53:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)

A non-glycosylated form of interferon beta-1 that has a serine at position 17. It is used in the treatment of both RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)

The most common clinical variant of MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, characterized by recurrent acute exacerbations of neurologic dysfunction followed by partial or complete recovery. Common clinical manifestations include loss of visual (see OPTIC NEURITIS), motor, sensory, or bladder function. Acute episodes of demyelination may occur at any site in the central nervous system, and commonly involve the optic nerves, spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)

Multiple protein bands serving as markers of specific ANTIBODIES and detected by ELECTROPHORESIS of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID or serum. The bands are most often seen during inflammatory or immune processes and are found in most patients with MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

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