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Prevention of AtriaL Fibrillation After Cardiac Surgery

2016-08-24 12:53:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine if preforming a posterior left pericardiotomy prevents atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery.

Description

Post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a common complication of cardiac surgery which is observed in 30-40% of patients. POAF may cause stroke, systemic embolism or cardiac failure and Its detection mandates for additional treatment with variable combinations of drugs to control cardiac rate or rhythm, anticoagulation, and electrical cardioversion, with their side effects and complications. As a result, POAF prolongs hospital stay and increases the costs of hospitalization. Several strategies aimed at reducing the incidence of POAF have been investigated, including beta-blockers, amiodarone, and statins, with unsatisfactory results. Posterior left pericardiotomy has been associated with a reduction in the incidence of POAF in a few studies. However, these studies are flawed by methodological limitations in terms of sample size, inclusion/exclusion criteria, randomization procedure, and suboptimal electrocardiographic monitoring strategies. Moreover, posterior left pericardiotomy requires additional operative time and is associated with procedure-specific complications. As a result, current evidence on posterior pericardiectomy failed to translate into changes in clinical practice and the incidence of POAF remains high.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Atrial Fibrillation

Intervention

Posterior left pericardiotomy

Location

Weil Cornell Medical College Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
New York
New York
United States
10065

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Weill Medical College of Cornell University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-08-24T12:53:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Impaired or delayed impulse conduction between the right and left HEART ATRIA. Advanced interatrial blocks are often associated with arrhythmias (e.g., ATRIAL FLUTTER; and ATRIAL FIBRILLATION), direct conduction block via the Bachmann's bundle and concomitant left atrial enlargement. Syndrome of advanced interatrial block associated with SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA is referred to as Bayes syndrome.

Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).

Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.

A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the LEFT ATRIUM.

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