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Trial acronym: DEXRAR
Background: Effective postoperative pain management is essential for the well-being and rehabilitation of the surgical patient. No "gold standard" exists for pain treatment after revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and combinations of different medications are used with virtually no evidence for combined analgesic efficacy.
Objectives: The objective is to investigate the analgesic effect and safety of dexamethasone as a single dose after revision-TKA in combination with paracetamol, ibuprofen and local infiltration analgesia
Intervention: The patients are randomised into to groups: A) 24 mg dexamethasone i.v. B) isotonic saline i.v.
Design and trial size: Placebo controlled, parallel 2-group trial with adequate centralised computer-generated allocation sequence and allocation concealment with block size of 12. Blinding of assessor, investigator, caregivers and patients.
Sample size: 108 eligible patients are needed to detect a difference of 11,3 mg morphine for the first 24 h postoperatively with a standard deviation of 20 mg, a type 1 error rate of 0,05 and a type 2 error rate of 0,20.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Dexamethasone, Saline isotonic
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-08-31T15:23:21-0400
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To compare the effects of preoperative intravenous Dexamethasone between 10 mg and 40 mg with placebo on Postoperative Pain After Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty
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Perineural dexamethasone has been demonstrated to extend postsurgical analgesia after peripheral nerve blockade in adults. The mechanism of action of dexamethasone as a regional anesthetic adjuvant is...
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A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with potent analgesic and antiarthritic properties. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ankylosing SPONDYLITIS; and in the alleviation of postoperative pain (PAIN, POSTOPERATIVE).
Pain during the period after surgery.
A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.
Abdominal symptoms after removal of the GALLBLADDER. The common postoperative symptoms are often the same as those present before the operation, such as COLIC, bloating, NAUSEA, and VOMITING. There is pain on palpation of the right upper quadrant and sometimes JAUNDICE. The term is often used, inaccurately, to describe such postoperative symptoms not due to gallbladder removal.
A genus of HALOBACTERIACEAE distinguished from other genera in the family by the presence of specific derivatives of TGD-2 polar lipids. Haloarcula are found in neutral saline environments such as salt lakes, marine salterns, and saline soils.
Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure to restore the integrity and function of a joint. A joint can be restored by resurfacing the bones. An artificial joint (called a prosthesis) may also be used. Various types of arthritis may affect the joints. Osteo...
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
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