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Effects of Weight on Inflammation and Colon Cancer Risk

2016-08-31 15:23:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

An observational study designed to compare colonic cytokine concentrations in lean versus obese individuals

Description

An observational study was performed on 43 individuals undergoing routine screening colonoscopy, some of whom were lean and some who were obese. They had weight, height, and waist-hip ratio measured at the time of colonoscopy and had additional colonic biopsies to measure colonic cytokines.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Intervention

no intervention

Status

Completed

Source

Tufts University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-08-31T15:23:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.

A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.

Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.

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