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The Optimizing Treatment of Peginterferon (PEG IFN) Alpha in Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Patients With Low Level HBsAg

2016-09-08 16:53:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with low Level HBsAg and with a history of drug resistance or suboptimal/partial virological response were enrolled. After giving informed consent, patients were treated with nucleoside analog(s) (NAs) once a day and weekly subcutaneous injections of alfa-2a 180 micrograms/week or peginterferon alfa-2b 80 micrograms/week for 12 weeks. 12 weeks later, NAs was stopped, patients were treated with weekly subcutaneous injections of alfa-2a 180 micrograms/week or peginterferon alfa-2b 80 micrograms/week. Treatment endpoint was HBsAg loss(<0.05 IU/mL).

Description

It is estimated that more than 400 million people are infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) globally. HBeAg-negative CHB patients with low Level HBsAg and with a history of drug resistance or suboptimal/partial virological response were enrolled in the out-patient department of 3rd Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. All of them were HBsAg positive and anti-HBs negative for more than 6 months with HBV DNA<100 IU/mL and HBsAg levels <1000 IU/mL. All patients did not have other liver diseases and contraindications for interferon therapy.

After giving informed consent, patients were treated with NAs once a day and weekly subcutaneous injections of alfa-2a 180 micrograms/week or peginterferon alfa-2b 80 micrograms/week for 12 weeks. 12 weeks later, NAs was stopped, patients were treated with weekly subcutaneous injections of alfa-2a 180 micrograms/week or peginterferon alfa-2b 80 micrograms/week. The use of other immune suppressive or regulatory drugs and other antiviral drugs was prohibited during the course of the study.

In this study, treatment endpoint was HBsAg loss(<0.05 IU/mL).Anti-HBs positive(>10 milli-International unit)(mIU/mL) defined as seroconversion. Depending on the decline of HBsAg level, treatment was either continued for a prolonged period (no more than 96 weeks) until the endpoint was achieved, or terminated in case of nonresponse.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Chronic Hepatitis B

Intervention

peginterferon alfa

Location

Department of Infectious Diseases, The Third Affliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University
Guangzhou
Guangdong
China
510630

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-09-08T16:53:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans that is caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS lasting six months or more. Chronic hepatitis C can lead to LIVER CIRRHOSIS.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER with ongoing hepatocellular injury for 6 months or more, characterized by NECROSIS of HEPATOCYTES and inflammatory cell (LEUKOCYTES) infiltration. Chronic hepatitis can be caused by viruses, medications, autoimmune diseases, and other unknown factors.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS in conjunction with HEPATITIS B VIRUS and lasting six months or more.

A closely related group of antigens found in the plasma only during the infective phase of hepatitis B or in virulent chronic hepatitis B, probably indicating active virus replication; there are three subtypes which may exist in a complex with immunoglobulins G.

A defective virus, containing particles of RNA nucleoprotein in virion-like form, present in patients with acute hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis. It requires the presence of a hepadnavirus for full replication. This is the lone species in the genus Deltavirus.

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