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Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-09-11T18:01:25-0400
Perinatal asphyxia is common cause of acquired neonatal brain injury in neonates associated with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, leading to long-term neurologic complication or death. In ...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness and safety of selective head cooling (SHC) in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).
Perinatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy occurs in one to three infants per 1000 term births, and up to 12 000 infants are affected each year in the united state of America. Hypoxic isch...
This study is a randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial to evaluate whether induced whole-body hypothermia initiated between 6-24 hours of age and continued for 96 hours in infants ...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether nerve growth factor (cerebrolysin®) therapy will improve the psychomotor outcome in infants with moderate and severe hypoxic ischemic en...
To develop an evidence-based, standardized structured reporting (SR) method for brain MRI examinations in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) suitable both for clinical and research use.
Therapeutic hypothermia reduces the risk of death, or moderate to severe neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Reports of its safety and effic...
Inflammation is a crucial but understudied mechanism of neuronal injury after hypoxia-ischemia. The aim was to identify a panel of cytokines involved in brain injury in neonates with hypoxic ischemic ...
Seizures are common in term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) undergoing therapeutic hypothermia. Although phenobarbital (PHB) is generally considered first-line therapy, some centers...
Electroencephalographic seizures (ES) are common among neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), and they represent a treatable complication that might improve neurodevelopmental outcomes. ...
The application of repeated, brief periods of vascular occlusion at the onset of REPERFUSION to reduce REPERFUSION INJURY that follows a prolonged ischemic event. The techniques are similar to ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING but the time of application is after the ischemic event instead of before.
A nitroimidazole that sensitizes normally radio-resistant hypoxic cells to radiation. It may also be directly cytotoxic to hypoxic cells and has been proposed as an antineoplastic.
The therapeutic intermittent administration of oxygen in a chamber at greater than sea-level atmospheric pressures (three atmospheres). It is considered effective treatment for air and gas embolisms, smoke inhalation, acute carbon monoxide poisoning, caisson disease, clostridial gangrene, etc. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992). The list of treatment modalities includes stroke.
Ischemic injury to the OPTIC NERVE which usually affects the OPTIC DISK (optic neuropathy, anterior ischemic) and less frequently the retrobulbar portion of the nerve (optic neuropathy, posterior ischemic). The injury results from occlusion of arterial blood supply which may result from TEMPORAL ARTERITIS; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; COLLAGEN DISEASES; EMBOLISM; DIABETES MELLITUS; and other conditions. The disease primarily occurs in the sixth decade or later and presents with the sudden onset of painless and usually severe monocular visual loss. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy also features optic disk edema with microhemorrhages. The optic disk appears normal in posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. (Glaser, Neuro-Ophthalmology, 2nd ed, p135)
A clinically diverse group of epilepsy syndromes characterized either by myoclonic seizures or by myoclonus in association with other seizure types. Myoclonic epilepsy syndromes are divided into three subtypes based on etiology: familial, cryptogenic, and symptomatic (i.e., occurring secondary to known disease processes such as infections, hypoxic-ischemic injuries, trauma, etc.).