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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most frequent joint inflammatory disease inducing joint destruction strongly correlated with anti-citrullinated protein antibodies citrullinated anti-peptide (ACPA). Precise RA etiology remained unclear with a described association between RA and periodontal disease. The missing link could be a gram-negative anaerobic bacterium called Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), which is heavily involved in periodontal disease and able to induce gingival citrullinated protein via an enzyme called peptidyl arginine deiminase (PAD). DNA of P. gingivalis was detected in synovial tissue and in peripheral blood mononuclear cell. To improve knowledge of P. gingivalis involvement in RA, the investigators will compare its effect on various cell type with comparison with another oral bacteria Provatella intermedia.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
blood sample, synovial tissue
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Saint Etienne
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-09-19T20:08:24-0400
This study will focus on a rare cell population called fibrocytes in peripheral blood, bone marrow and synovial tissue in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). One group of patients with early RA and...
This study will be an open label observational prospective study assessing the clinical efficacy of antiTNFα therapy and the alteration/impact on the synovial tissue, with specific regard...
Patients will be assigned to receive either Depo Medrol or Acthar treatment. A synovial biopsy, blood draws, synovial fluid aspiration, and physician assessments will be performed before a...
In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) the clinical response to anti-TNFα is related to an increase in the number or in the function of Treg lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of patients. This ob...
Rheumatoid arthritis is a common chronic destructive arthritis. Major pathology change in rheumatoid arthritis is synovium hyperplasia with bone and cartilage erosion. Infiltrates in synov...
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) represents the most commonly occurring inflammatory type of arthritis and is a major cause of disability. Reports have placed emphasis on the potential of, granzyme B (GZMB) ...
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as an inflammatory autoimmune disease affects the synovial joints as well as other organs and tissues. Since aberrant expression of MIC molecules has been observed in RA pati...
Previously, we have demonstrated that kynurenic acid (KYNA), an endogenous metabolite of tryptophan formed along kynurenine pathway, is present in synovial fluid of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteo...
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by the presence of anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPAs) and neutrophils infiltrating the synovial fluid (SF) of the affected joints. The aim of this...
Neoangiogenesis is a crucial event to promote the development of the hyperplasic proliferative pathologic synovium in Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Ultrasound (US) is sensitive for detection of power Dop...
Arthritis in children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
Rheumatoid arthritis of children occurring in three major subtypes defined by the symptoms present during the first six months following onset: systemic-onset (Still's Disease, Juvenile-Onset), polyarticular-onset, and pauciarticular-onset. Adult-onset cases of Still's disease (STILL'S DISEASE, ADULT-ONSET) are also known. Only one subtype of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
A variable mixture of the mono- and disodium salts of gold thiomalic acid used mainly for its anti-inflammatory action in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. It is most effective in active progressive rheumatoid arthritis and of little or no value in the presence of extensive deformities or in the treatment of other forms of arthritis.
Systemic-onset rheumatoid arthritis in adults. It differs from classical rheumatoid arthritis in that it is more often marked by acute febrile onset, and generalized lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly are more prominent.
A chronic systemic disease, primarily of the joints, marked by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures, widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, and by atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. Etiology is unknown, but autoimmune mechanisms have been implicated.
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...